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UN Programme on Disability   Working for full participation and equality


Part IV. Rights Based Perspective. 12/12 previousTable of Contentsnext

11. Bilateral and Multilateral Donors


PART I. National Frameworks for the Protection of Rights of Persons with Disabilities
PART II. The International Human Rights System
PART III. The Regional Human Rights System
PART IV. Towards a Rights Based Perspective on Disability
1. Civil and Political Rights
1.1 Right to Liberty and Security of the Person
1.2 Right to Equal Protection Before the Law
1.3 Right to Freedom of Assembly
1.4 Rights to be Free From Torture
1.5 Right to Freedom of Expression
1.6 Freedom from Discrimination
1.7 Access to the judicial system
1.8 Participation in Political Life
1.9 Freedom of Religion
1.10 Access to Information
1.11 Right to Private and Family Life
1.12 Property Rights
1.13 Freedom of Movement
1.14 Right to Seek Asylum
2. Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
2.1 Right to Work
    2.1.1 General Provisions on the Rights to Work
    2.1.2 Rights to Develop Work-Skills
    2.1.3 Equitable Recruitment Measures and Policies
    2.1.4 Fair and Equitable Employment Conditions
2.2 Right to Education
    2.2.1 Access to Education
    2.2.2 Quality of Education
    2.2.3 Integrated Education
    2.2.4 Special Education
    2.2.5 Teacher Training
    2.2.6 Vocational Training
2.3 The Right to Health
2.4 Right to Social Security and Social Services
    2.4.1 Right to Social Security
    2.4.2 Social Security and Social Insurance related to employment
    2.4.3 Social Services
2.5 Right to an Adequate Standard of Living
    2.5.1 Housing
    2.5.2 Food
    2.5.3 Transportation
2.6 Right to Social Integration
2.7 Right to Participation on Cultural Activities
2.8 Right to an Accessible Physical and Communication Environment
    2.8.1 Information on Standards of Accessibility
    2.8.2 Access to Public Places
2.9 International Cooperation
PART V. Rights of Special Groups with Disabilities

It is very difficult for countries to mobilise adequate resources to meet the needs of the disabled; thus, foreign financial assistance is needed, as is evident in the existence of food aid which is designed to compensate for shortfalls during times of famine and drought. Greater progress can be achieved in reaching these goals if close co-operation is maintained at every level. This includes

  1. co-operation and co-ordination among countries,
  2. multilateral and bilateral assistance agencies,
  3. international financial institutions, such as the World Bank and regional development banks,
  4. international organizations, and various organs and bodies of the United Nations system, including South-South, North-South and South-North exchanges of best practices and the
  5. continuous development of tools and instruments for policy, planning and management.

Bilateral and multilateral donors should set aside adequate resources for the disability component in their financial assistance.  Also, donors may tie their aid to disability projects.  For example, a donor will send financial assistance if a certain percentage of the aid would be used to satisfy the needs of persons with disabilities.

Donor agencies must establish working relations with disabled persons and/or their organizations. The staff of donor agencies needs to be sensitised about disabled person's concerns.  One method would be to organise joint workshops, which would facilitate the implementation of policy guidelines that adequately take into account the concerns of disabled persons.

Paragraph 12 of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action urges the international community to help alleviate the external debt burden of developing countries in order to help developing countries attain the full realisation of the economic, social, and cultural rights of their people.

Article 23 (c) of the Declaration on Social Progress and Development states that the achievement of the objectives of social progress and development requires the implementation of the provision of technical, financial and material assistance, both bilateral and multilateral, to the fullest possible extent and on favourable terms, and improved co-ordination of international assistance for the achievement of the social objectives of national development plans.

Paragraph 7 of the Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition notes that in order to give impetus to food production in developing countries, international action should be taken to provide them with sustained additional technical and financial assistance. In additional, all donor countries should implement the concept of forward planning of food aid and make all efforts to provide commodities and/or financial assistance.

Paragraphs 147 and 148 of The Habitat Agenda state that the international community should support Governments.  It should promote:

  1. Co-ordination of macroeconomic polices at all levels to achieve an international financial system that is conducive to economic and social development, as components of sustainable development
  2. An environment in all countries that attracts foreign direct investment and encourages savings and domestic investment
  3. Capacity building in all developing countries
  4. Financial assistance to developing countries to promote sustainable development
  5. Facilitate access to international financial resources for all developing countries to benefit from the growing international financial markets in order to promote development

Paragraph 179 of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons states that donor countries should be responsive to requests for assistance in the area of disability. Donor countries are urged to include disability assistance in their bilateral and multilateral assistance programmes.

Paragraph 174 urges international organizations or multilateral financial institutions collaborating with Member States in financial ventures to give priority to programmes that assist the disabled.  Multilateral and bilateral aid agencies should include in their programmes measures that ensure the allocation of increased resources for both capital investment and recurrent expenditure for services related to prevention, rehabilitation and equalization of opportunities.

Paragraph 53 of the Tallinn Guidelines for Action on Human Resources Development in the Field of Disability states that international development assistance programmes should include a specific component that ensures the participation of persons with disabilities in such schemes.

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United Nations, 2003-04
Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Division for Social Policy and Development