COMPILATION OF INTERNATIONAL NORMS
It is very difficult for countries to mobilise adequate resources to meet the needs of the disabled; thus, foreign financial assistance is needed, as is evident in the existence of food aid which is designed to compensate for shortfalls during times of famine and drought. Greater progress can be achieved in reaching these goals if close co-operation is maintained at every level. This includes
Bilateral and multilateral donors should set aside adequate resources for the disability component in their financial assistance. Also, donors may tie their aid to disability projects. For example, a donor will send financial assistance if a certain percentage of the aid would be used to satisfy the needs of persons with disabilities.
Donor agencies must establish working relations with disabled persons and/or their organizations. The staff of donor agencies needs to be sensitised about disabled person's concerns. One method would be to organise joint workshops, which would facilitate the implementation of policy guidelines that adequately take into account the concerns of disabled persons.
Paragraph 12 of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action urges the international community to help alleviate the external debt burden of developing countries in order to help developing countries attain the full realisation of the economic, social, and cultural rights of their people.
Article 23 (c) of the Declaration on Social Progress and Development states that the achievement of the objectives of social progress and development requires the implementation of the provision of technical, financial and material assistance, both bilateral and multilateral, to the fullest possible extent and on favourable terms, and improved co-ordination of international assistance for the achievement of the social objectives of national development plans.
Paragraph 7 of the Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition notes that in order to give impetus to food production in developing countries, international action should be taken to provide them with sustained additional technical and financial assistance. In additional, all donor countries should implement the concept of forward planning of food aid and make all efforts to provide commodities and/or financial assistance.
Paragraphs 147 and 148 of The Habitat Agenda state that the international community should support Governments. It should promote:
Paragraph 179 of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons states that donor countries should be responsive to requests for assistance in the area of disability. Donor countries are urged to include disability assistance in their bilateral and multilateral assistance programmes.
Paragraph 174 urges international organizations or multilateral financial institutions collaborating with Member States in financial ventures to give priority to programmes that assist the disabled. Multilateral and bilateral aid agencies should include in their programmes measures that ensure the allocation of increased resources for both capital investment and recurrent expenditure for services related to prevention, rehabilitation and equalization of opportunities.
Paragraph 53 of the Tallinn Guidelines for Action on Human Resources Development in the Field of Disability states that international development assistance programmes should include a specific component that ensures the participation of persons with disabilities in such schemes.