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UN Programme on Disability   Working for full participation and equality
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Theme: Accessibility :
Accessibility for the Disabled - A Design Manual for a Barrier Free Environment
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V. IMPLEMENTATION CHECKLISTS

TROUBLESHOOTING

1. Wheelchair users

Problem
Measure
*Overcoming differences in level between road and pavement *Install curb ramps
*Bridging great differences in height usually tackled by providing stairs *Provide ramps, wide elevator cabs or platform lifts
*Maneuvering in tight spaces *Provide wide routes and spaces
*Passing through narrow door openings and over high thresholds *Provide sufficiently wide door openings with low beveled thresholds or none at all
*Reaching high-mounted controls and objects *Provide low-mounted controls
*Maneuvering in rest rooms *Install grab bars, bath-tub and shower seats


2. People with limited walking abilities

Problem
Measure
*Overcoming differences in level *Provide curb ramps, ramps, elevators or platform lifts
*Maneuvering in situations requiring speed *Increase the pedestrian crossing time interval
*Increase the opening interval of elevators and automatic doors
*Climbing stairs and ramps *Provide handrails for gripping
*Maneuvering in rest rooms *Provide sufficiently wide rest rooms
*Provide grab bars, bath-tub and a shower seat
*Passing through narrow door openings and over high thresholds *Provide sufficiently wide door openings with low beveled thresholds or none at all


3. People with limited use of hands or arms

Problem
Measure
*Opening heavy doors *Use automatic or easy-to-open doors
*Gripping door knobs *Use lever-type door handles
*Gripping faucets *Use lever-type or push-buttons faucets


4. The sightless

Problem
Measure
*Orientation *Provide guide strips within the pathway surface
*Provide raised curbs and other detectable guiding elements
*Provide tactile marking strips to indicate changes in direction and the location of stairs and ramps
*Identifying obstructions within the path of travel *Provide textured paving or tactile marking strips around obstructions
*Crossing roads *Provide audible traffic signals
*Maneuvering in elevators *Provide audible signals and call buttons with tactile text
*Recognizing emergency situations *Provide audible alarm signals
*Locating exit doors and stairs *Provide tactile marking around the knobs of exit doors and the handrails of exit


5. The partially sighted

Problem
Measure
*Identifying obstructions within the path of travel *Provide bright-coloured markings or signals to identify obstructions
*Orientation *Provide clearly legible lettering and sufficiently large dimensions for direction signs
*Crossing roads *Provide audible traffic signals
*Maneuvering in elevators and in emergency situations *Use contrasting colour for doors, handrails, tactile signs, etc
*Locating facilities *Provide alarm signals


6. The hearing impaired

Problem
Measure
*Crossing roads *Provide clearly visible coloured signs and traffic signals
*Managing in situations involving the use of speech messages, verbal transmission and interaction *Use clearly written messages, especially in emergency situations Install induction loops in assembly halls and in public telephones
*Not hearing door, elevator and emergency *Provide flashing light signals
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United Nations, 2003-04
Department of Economic and Social Affairs
Division for Social Policy and Development