Inter-Agency Network on Women and Gender Equality, IANWGE
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National implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000)

UN Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) recognizes the importance of promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women in order to achieve the goals of peace and development, and emphasizes the critical role Member States can play in that respect. It urges Member States to take action at the national level in the following key areas:

Women's participation in decision-making and peace processes. The resolution calls on Member States to increase women's participation at all decision-making levels in national, regional and international institutions and mechanisms for the prevention, management and resolution of conflict. It urges Member States to take measures to support local women's peace initiatives and indigenous processes for conflict resolution and to involve women in all peace agreement implementation mechanisms. It further asks Member States to provide suitable candidates as special representatives and envoys to the Secretary-General for inclusion in a regularly updated centralized roster.

The protection of women and girls. The resolution calls on Member States to ensure the protection of and respect for human rights of women and girls, particularly as they relate to the constitution, the electoral system, the police and the judiciary. It calls for special measures to protect women and girls from gender-based-violence, particularly rape and other forms of sexual abuse, and all other forms of violence in situations of armed conflict. It further emphasizes the responsibility of the Member States to put an end to impunity and to prosecute those responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes including those related to sexual and other violence against women and girls, and to exclude these crimes from amnesty provisions in peace deals. Member States should also consider the special needs of women and girls in repatriation, resettlement, rehabilitation, reintegration and post-conflict reconstruction.

Gender training. Member States are required to include a gender perspective in their peacekeeping and peacebuilding measures and address protection, rights and specific needs of women. The resolution also calls on Member States to include HIV/AIDS awareness-raising training in programmes for military and civilian police in preparation for deployment. It urges Member States to increase their voluntary financial, technical and logistical support for gender-sensitive training efforts, including those undertaken by UN entities.

Following up on the implementation of the resolution, in Presidential Statements S/PRST/2004/40 and S/PRST/2005/52, the Security Council called on Member States to continue to implement resolution 1325 (2000), including through the development of national action plans or other national level strategies. The creation of an action plan provides an opportunity to initiate strategic actions, identify priorities and resources, and determine the responsibilities and timeframes. The whole process of developing a plan is also a process of awareness-raising and capacity-building in order to overcome gaps and challenges to the full implementation of resolution 1325 (2000).

Presently, a growing number of governments are developing National Action Plans for implementation of resolution 1325 (2000) and mainstreaming a gender perspective into training for military personnel, especially those sent to peacekeeping missions, and/or into their development aid packages to post conflict countries. Some governments are also instructing senior representatives to address gender issues, encourage women's representation and reach out to women in conflict and post-conflict zones. However, it is important that more Member States take responsibility for the successful implementation of resolution 1325 (2000) and ensure that it is integrated into their national policies and training programmes.

National Action Plans & Strategies on Women, Peace and Security
Excerpted from "From Local to Global: Making Peace Work for Women", NGO Working Group on Women, Peace and Security, Security Council resolution 1325 - Five Years On Report (Chapter 2)
>> English version (PDF, 6,4 MB)

Building Peace through Gender Equality
A new UN-INSTRAW guide to policy and planning on women, peace and security:
>> English version: Securing Equality, Engendering Peace (PDF, 1,2 MB)
>> Spanish version: Conseguir la igualdad para generar paz (PDF, 1,2 MB)

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