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Правительственная поддержка: Zambia
The Government of the Republic of Zambia reaffirms its unwavering commitment to fulfilling the principles of the United Nations Security Council in the maintenance of international peace and security and the promotion of friendly relations and cooperation among States. In this regard, Zambia will continue to endeavor to contribute to the global efforts to counter the threat of terrorism.
Zambia has not directly been affected by a terrorist attack. The country, however, remains cognizant of the fact that other terrorist related activities are taking place and has, therefore, taken proactive counter measures to prevent and/or mitigate the scourge.
The Zambian Government is in the process of establishing a Centre Against Terrorism (CAT), which will be a national body comprising all national stakeholders, to coordinate counter terrorism efforts of individual security agencies such as the Anti Terrorism Unit in the Zambia Police Service and other agencies. This is in response to the UN Global Counter Terrorism Strategy which envisions effective counter terrorism measures at State level through a multi-agency approach.
Further, efforts are underway to amend and strengthen the current Anti-Terrorism Act (2007) to make it more responsive to the threat of terrorism and also codify the establishment of the CAT as part of the wider counter terrorism strategy.
Zambia is a member of the Eastern and Southern Africa Anti-Money laundering Group and is committed, individually and collectively with other member countries, to work towards the implementation of the Financial Action Task Force 40+9 recommendations on money laundering and terrorist financing.
In addition, Zambia has demonstrated commitment to counter terrorism by devising an anti-money laundering and the combating of financing of terrorism country strategy, which states the country’s road map in fulfilling the counter terrorism agenda.
To this effect, the country has operationalized the Financial Intelligence Centre (FIC), a multi-agency body established under the Financial Intelligence Act, to monitor the financial systems and potential trade-based money laundering mechanisms in the country, as well as to coordinate with other States on suspicious financial transactions. The Central Bank, which supervises Commercial Banks and other financial institutions, is a significant player in the FIC which is under the Ministry of Finance. Intelligence and law enforcement agencies also form part of the composition of the FIC.
The FIC, as a central operational body, is charged with the responsibility to initiate requests, receive, analyse and disseminate to relevant law enforcement agencies and supervisory bodies, disclosure of financial information concerning all suspicious transactions that may be money laundering or terrorist financing.
The country is a signatory to regional and international protocols and conventions aimed at countering the threat, some of which have since been domesticated. These, among others, are the following:
- Convention against Transnational Organised Crimes and the protocols thereto which was acceded to in 2005;
- Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (9 February 1989) which was ratified on 28 May 1993; and
- various African and Regional Conventions and Protocols against Acts of Terrorism and Financing of Terrorism signed in 2005.
Zambia is yet to sign other Conventions and Protocols, including the Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism and the Convention for the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials.
As a demonstration of commitment towards international Protocols, Conventions and Declarations, Zambia has enacted various legal instruments to address the threat and these include, the following:
- the Anti Terrorism Act of 2007, which specifically prescribes, as well as proscrives acts related to terrorism;
- the Prohibition and Prevention of Anti-Money Laundering Act of 2001, which complements the provisions of the Anti-Terrorism Act in addressing issues related to terrorist financing; and
- the Financial Intelligence Act, which also addresses matters relating to terrorist financing.