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Government Support: Indonesia
Government Assistance to Victims
Through a Law, Indonesia has created a “Witness and Victim Protection Agency” to provide protection and other rights (according to related laws) to witnesses and victims of crimes, including terrorism.
The purpose of such protection is to create a sense of security to witnesses and victims of crimes, particularly if they are to provide relevant information to the court.
In general, witnesses and victims of a crime are entitled to certain rights, including but not limited to protection for the safety of the witnesses and victims, as well as their families and properties; to receive information on the case, and the court verdict on the case; to receive legal advice; and to get new identities.
Victims of the crime of terrorism, or their inheritors, may also receive financial compensation from the government, through a court order.
Legal Resources available to Victims
According to Indonesia’s criminal procedural law, victims of crime can provide information during investigation, and can testify before the court. The Government is obliged to offer and provide protection for the victims and their families before, during, and after the proceedings.
The said protection includes the protection of the identity of the victims who provide information or testimony.
Collaboration with other Organisations
Cooperation and partnership have been established with: a. Educational institution, in this case with the University of Indonesia, Department of International Relations. b. Local Government, in this case with the Social Agency of the Province of Bali, in the aftermath of the Bali Bombing in 2002. c. Global Counter-terrorism Forum, through convening of workshops.
The Agency organized an international conference on the Protection of Witness and Victim of Transnational Crime, including terrorism, on 13 June 2012. The Conference adopted a joint statement, to outline efforts to provide protection to witnesses and victims of transnational crime. The Statement highlighted, inter alia, that a reliable and credible mechanism to provide protection for witnesses and victims is fundamental to the functioning of a national justice system, the importance for States to implement a national system to provide such protection, and the importance of regional/international cooperation, in term of capacity building and dissemination of the availability of witness and victim protection.
As the co-chair of a former Global Counter-Terrorism Forum South-East Asia Capacity Building Working Group, Indonesia hosted a Regional Workshop on First Response Support to Victims in the Immediate Aftermath of an Attack, on 16-18 September 2013. Some of the issues highlighted at the workshop are the values of an international set of good practices on the treatment of victims of terrorist attacks, including the responses of government and civil society; the role of civil society in providing assistance to the victims; and the importance of governments establishing immediate and constant contact with victims and their families. Co-chairs’ summary as the outcome document for the workshop.