The Quartet, comprised of the European Union, Russia, United Nations, and United States was established in 2002 to facilitate the Middle-East Peace Process negotiations. The Quartet was welcomed in United Nations Security Council resolution 1397 (2002) following the Second Intifada. The Quartet’s principals, namely the EU High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy, the Foreign Minister of Russia, the UN Secretary-General, and the US Secretary of State have met 54 times since 2002 in furtherance of their Performance-based Road Map to a Permanent Two-State Solution. The Road Map, endorsed in Security Council resolution 1515 (2003) called for a three-phased performance-based strategy to move the peace process towards a final resolution of the conflict. The Quartet is guided by three overarching Principles – nonviolence, recognition of Israel, and acceptance of previous agreements – in furthering the Middle East peace process. The Quartet’s first report, addressing major threats to the peace process and providing recommendations for advancing the two-state solution, was released in July 2016.