The Question of Palestine and the Security Council

A Conference Officer at work in the Security Council Chamber, ahead of a Council meeting. UN Photo/Kim Haughton

A Conference Officer at work in the Security Council Chamber, ahead of a Council meeting. UN Photo/Kim Haughton

Under the United Nations Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. Since 1948, the Council has addressed the situation in the Middle East and the Palestinian question on many occasions. When fighting broke out, the Council has called for, or ordered cease-fires. It also dispatched military observers, and deployed UN peace-keeping forces in the region. The Council has set the basic principles for a negotiated peaceful settlement (known as the “land for peace” formula) by its resolutions 242 (1967) and 338 (1973). The Council has, on numerous occasions, expressed concern about the situation on the ground, declared null and void the measures taken by the Israeli Government to change the status of Jerusalem, called for the cessation of Israeli settlement activity, which it determined to have no legal validity, reaffirmed the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention and called for the return of Palestinian deportees. The Council has repeatedly called for the immediate resumption of the negotiations within the current Middle East peace process with the aim of achieving an early final settlement between the Israeli and Palestinian sides. The Council affirmed the vision of two States, Israel and Palestine, living side by side within secure and recognised borders, by its resolution 1397 (2002), and endorsed the Quartet’s (UN, Russia, US and EU) Road Map by its resolution 1515 (2003). The Council receives monthly briefings and holds periodic open debates on the issue. In 2011 President Mahmoud Abbas submitted the application of Palestine for UN membership, currently before the Council. By resolution 2334 (2016)  the Council demanded that Israel immediately and completely cease all settlement activities.

Security Council Web Site

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SC’s Resolutions on Question of Palestine

Date Title Symbol
19-Oct-1948 Situation in Palestine/Mediator assassination report, authorities to facilitate truce supervision – SecCo resolution S/RES/59 (1948)|S/1045
Sources:

Security Council, Security Council Truce Commission, United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO)

Type

Resolution, Security Council resolution

18-Sep-1948 Peace-seeking mission in the Holy Land/ Death of the UN Mediator in Palestine (Bernadotte) – SecCo resolution S/RES/57 (1948)
Sources:

Security Council

Type

Resolution, Security Council resolution

19-Aug-1948 Situation in Jerusalem/Truce violations – SecCo resolution S/RES/56 (1948)|S/983
Sources:

Security Council

Type

Resolution, Security Council resolution

15-Jul-1948 Situation in Palestine/Chapter VII – SecCo determines that the situation is a threat to the peace – SecCo resolution S/RES/54 (1948)|S/902
Sources:

Security Council

Type

Resolution, Security Council resolution

07-Jul-1948 Situation in Palestine/Prolongation of the truce – SecCo resolution S/RES/53 (1948)|S/875
Sources:

Security Council

Type

Resolution, Security Council resolution

29-May-1948 Hostilities in Palestine/Military observers/Chapter VII – SecCo calls for cease-fire orders for a period of four weeks, gives instructions to supervise observance – SecCo resolution S/RES/50 (1948)|S/801
Sources:

Security Council, Security Council Truce Commission, United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO)

Type

Resolution, Security Council resolution

22-May-1948 Military operations in Palestine/Cease-fire order/Truce Commission/Jerusalem – SecCo resolution S/RES/49 (1948)|S/773
Sources:

Security Council, Security Council Truce Commission

Type

Resolution, Security Council resolution

23-Apr-1948 Situation in Palestine – Establishment of Truce Commission – SecCo resolution S/RES/48 (1948)|S/727
Sources:

Security Council, Security Council Truce Commission

Type

Resolution, Security Council resolution

17-Apr-1948 United Kingdom Mandatory Power/ SecCo President’s truce efforts/Arms embargo – SecCo resolution S/RES/46 (1948)|S/723
Sources:

League of Nations, Security Council

Type

Resolution, Security Council resolution

01-Apr-1948 Future government of Palestine – SecCo requests GA special session – SecCo resolution S/RES/44 (1948)|S/714, II
Sources:

General Assembly 2nd Emergency Special Session, Security Council, United Nations Palestine Commission (UNPC)

Type

Resolution, Security Council resolution

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