General Assembly2020-11-04T19:53:42-05:00

The Question of Palestine and the General Assembly

Empty GA Hall

A general view of the General Assembly Hall. UN Photo/Sophia Paris

The General Assembly is the main deliberative organ of the United Nations, composed of representatives of all Member States.  The question of Palestine was first brought before the General Assembly in 1947. By resolution 181 (II), the Assembly decided to partition Palestine into two states, one Arab and one Jewish, with Jerusalem placed under a special international regime. After the 1948 war, the Assembly by resolution 194 (III) of 1949 established the Conciliation Commission for Palestine (UNCCP) to help the parties reach a final settlement, while reaffirming the rights of Palestine refugees to return and restitution. UNRWA, a Palestine refugee agency, was established by the Assembly the same year.

In 1974, the question of Palestine was re-introduced in the Assembly’s agenda. Resolution 3236 (XXIX) reaffirmed the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people to self-determination, national independence and sovereignty, and the right of the Palestinians to return to their homes and property. In 1975, the Assembly established the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People. The question of Palestine and related issues have been the subject of numerous resolutions and decisions adopted by the Assembly’s regular, special and emergency sessions.

On 29 November 2012 the Assembly granted Palestine non-member observer State status in the UN. The relevant issues on the agenda of the Assembly and its subsidiary organs, such as the Human Rights Council include the right of Palestinians to self-determination, their sovereignty over natural resources, assistance, refugees, IDPs, UNRWA, human rights, Israeli settlements, peaceful settlement of the question of Palestine, and Jerusalem, among others.

For GA Resolutions voting records, please click here to search

GA’s Resolutions on Question of Palestine

Date Title Subject Symbol
08-Dec-1949 Palestine refugees – Establishing UNRWA, Advisory Commission/UNCCP consultations, Economic Survey Mission – GA resolution Assistance, Economic issues, Humanitarian relief, International presence, Palestine question, Refugees and displaced persons A/RES/302 (IV)
Sources:

General Assembly, United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine (UNCCP), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Relief for Palestine Refugees (UNRPR)

Type

Resolution

11-May-1949 Israel membership in the UN – GA resolution Credentials, Jerusalem, Middle East situation, Palestine question, Right of return, Statehood-related A/RES/273 (III)
Sources:

General Assembly

Type

Resolution

11-Dec-1948 Palestine question – UN Mediator report, Conciliation Commission to be established, Jerusalem status, refugees – GA resolution 194 Envoy, Holy places, International presence, Jerusalem, Middle East situation, Palestine question, Peace proposals and efforts, Protection, Refugees and displaced persons, Right of return A/RES/194 (III)
Sources:

General Assembly, United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine (UNCCP), United Nations Mediator on Palestine

Type

Report, Resolution

19-Nov-1948 Assistance to Palestine refugees/Establishing UNRPR, special fund – GA resolution Assistance, Humanitarian relief, International presence, Middle East situation, Palestine question, Refugees and displaced persons A/RES/212 (III)
Sources:

General Assembly, United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), United Nations Relief for Palestine Refugees (UNRPR)

Type

Resolution

14-May-1948 UN Palestine Commission/Appreciation of its work – GA second special session – Resolution Negotiations and agreements, Palestine question A/RES/189 (S-2)
Sources:

General Assembly, General Assembly 2nd Emergency Special Session, United Nations Palestine Commission (UNPC)

Type

Resolution

14-May-1948 United Nations Mediator in Palestine/ Appointment, terms of reference/ End of UN Palestine Commission – GA second special session – Resolution Envoy, International presence, Middle East situation, Negotiations and agreements, Palestine question, Peace proposals and efforts A/RES/186 (S-2)
Sources:

General Assembly, General Assembly 2nd Emergency Special Session, United Nations Mediator on Palestine, United Nations Palestine Commission (UNPC)

Type

Resolution

06-May-1948 Jerusalem/Appointment of a Special Municipal Commissioner – GA second special session – Resolution Envoy, Jerusalem, Middle East situation, Negotiations and agreements, Palestine question, Protection A/RES/187 (S-2)
Sources:

General Assembly, General Assembly 2nd Emergency Special Session, Trusteeship Council

Type

Resolution

26-Apr-1948 Jerusalem question referred to Trusteeship Council – GA special session – Resolution Human rights and international humanitarian law, Palestine question A/RES/185 (S-2)
Sources:

General Assembly, General Assembly 2nd Emergency Special Session, Trusteeship Council

Type

Report

29-Nov-1947 Palestine plan of partition with economic union – General Assembly resolution 181 Boundaries and demarcation lines, Demographic issues, Hebron, Jerusalem, Middle East situation, Negotiations and agreements, Palestine question, Peace proposals and efforts, Population, Statehood-related A/RES/181(II)
Sources:

General Assembly, Trusteeship Council, United Nations Palestine Commission (UNPC), United Nations Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP)

Type

Multimedia, Resolution

15-May-1947 Palestine question/Establishment of UN Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP) – GA first special session – Resolution Agenda Item, Holy places, Palestine question A/RES/106 (S-1)
Sources:

General Assembly, General Assembly 1st Special Session, United Nations Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP)

Type

Resolution

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