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The Question of Palestine and the General Assembly

Empty GA Hall

A general view of the General Assembly Hall. UN Photo/Sophia Paris

The General Assembly is the main deliberative organ of the United Nations, composed of representatives of all Member States.  The question of Palestine was first brought before the General Assembly in 1947. By resolution 181 (II), the Assembly decided to partition Palestine into two states, one Arab and one Jewish, with Jerusalem placed under a special international regime. After the 1948 war, the Assembly by resolution 194 (III) of 1949 established the Conciliation Commission for Palestine (UNCCP) to help the parties reach a final settlement, while reaffirming the rights of Palestine refugees to return and restitution. UNRWA, a Palestine refugee agency, was established by the Assembly the same year.

In 1974, the question of Palestine was re-introduced in the Assembly’s agenda. Resolution 3236 (XXIX) reaffirmed the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people to self-determination, national independence and sovereignty, and the right of the Palestinians to return to their homes and property. In 1975, the Assembly established the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People. The question of Palestine and related issues have been the subject of numerous resolutions and decisions adopted by the Assembly’s regular, special and emergency sessions.

On 29 November 2012 the Assembly granted Palestine non-member observer State status in the UN. The relevant issues on the agenda of the Assembly and its subsidiary organs, such as the Human Rights Council include the right of Palestinians to self-determination, their sovereignty over natural resources, assistance, refugees, IDPs, UNRWA, human rights, Israeli settlements, peaceful settlement of the question of Palestine, and Jerusalem, among others.

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GA’s Resolutions on Question of Palestine

Date Title Subject Symbol
15-Dec-1977 Palestine refugees/Children/Health needs – GA resolution Children, Health, Refugees and displaced persons, Social issues A/RES/32/111
Sources:

General Assembly, United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)

Type

Resolution

13-Dec-1977 Israeli practices – SpCttee report – GA resolutions Agenda Item, Holy places, Human rights and international humanitarian law, Settlements A/RES/32/91(A-C)
Sources:

General Assembly, Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices

Type

Resolution

13-Dec-1977 Palestine refugees/UNRWA reports – GA resolution Agenda Item, Humanitarian relief, Refugees and displaced persons A/RES/32/90(A-F)
Sources:

General Assembly, United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)

Type

Resolution

12-Dec-1977 Nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Mideast – GA resolution Arms control and regional security issues A/RES/32/82
Sources:

General Assembly

Type

Resolution

02-Dec-1977 Palestine question/CEIRPP’s recommendations/Establishment of a Special Unit/Solidarity day – GA resolutions Agenda Item, Inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, Palestine question, Peace proposals and efforts A/RES/32/40(A+B)
Sources:

Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People (CEIRPP), General Assembly, Special Unit on Palestinian Rights (SUPR) (See also - CEIRPP > DPR)

Type

Resolution

02-Dec-1977 UNDOF/Financing – GA resolution Peacekeeping A/RES/32/4 (B+C)
Sources:

General Assembly, United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF)

Type

Resolution

25-Nov-1977 Mideast situation/Early convening with all parties of Mideast Peace Conference under S/RES/338 (1973), joint statement of Co-Chairmen (1 October 1977) – GA resolution Agenda Item, Middle East situation, Palestine question, Peace conference, Peace proposals and efforts A/RES/32/20
Sources:

General Assembly, Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)(See also - Committee on Palestine)

Type

Resolution

28-Oct-1977 Israeli measures in the OT – GA resolution Agenda Item, Human rights and international humanitarian law, Settlements A/RES/32/5
Sources:

General Assembly

Type

Resolution

25-Oct-1977 UNDOF/Financing – GA resolution Peacekeeping A/RES/32/4 (A)
Sources:

General Assembly, United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF)

Type

Resolution

21-Dec-1976 Sovereignty over national resources in the OT – GA resolution Economic issues, Human rights and international humanitarian law, Water A/RES/31/186
Sources:

General Assembly

Type

Resolution

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