Host location/regions:  Asia

Countries: Cambodia, Guangxi and Yunnan in the People’s Republic of China, the Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, and Viet Nam

Timeframe: Ongoing

Scale: Regional

Partners: Phase 1: ADB, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD); Phase 2: ADB, Nordic Development Fund, Cambodia, Guangxi and Yunnan in the People’s Republic of China, the Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, and Viet Nam

Cost and source of funding: Phase 1: US$ 1.50 million from Technical Assistance Special Fund and US$ 500,000.00 from Regional Coop. & Poverty Reduction Fund; Phase 2: $ 5.5 million equivalent comprising $5.0 million equivalent from the Nordic Development Fund (NDF) and $0.5 million from ADB Technical Assistance Special Fund

Implementers: ADB

Forms of collaboration: Multilateral

Sectors: Agriculture, Industry

Type: Technology transfer, Capacity building

Links: 

http://www.adb.org/countries/gms/sector-activities/agriculture/core-agriculture-support-program-phase-i-2006-2010

http://www.adb.org/countries/gms/sector-activities/agriculture/core-agriculture-support-program-phase-ii-2011-2015

http://www.adb.org/projects/39542-012/main

http://www.adb.org/projects/39542-022/main#project-overview

Summary

Regional cooperation in agriculture in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) is guided by the Core Agriculture Support Program (CASP) implemented by the GMS Working Group on Agriculture and supported by the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Nordic Development Funds and other development partners. The first phase of CASP was implemented in 2006-2010. The second phase is now being implemented and builds upon the gains of the first phase of CASP to address emerging challenges to agricultural development, specifically those linked to expanding cross-border trade in agri-food products, climate change adaptation, and food and bioenergy security

[1].

Implementation of CASP Phase I has been supported by ADB and several other development partners, including the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). CASP Phase I moved forward several regional cooperation strategies. Measures related to facilitating cross-border agricultural trade and investment, that include regional initiatives to strengthen human and institutional resources to implement sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures, are progressing well. Public–private partnerships initiatives have been launched to facilitate the sharing of agricultural information, including the GMS Agriculture Information Network Service (GMS AINS), supported by the People’s Republic of China (PRC), and the Ayeyawady–Chao Phraya–Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy.

CASP I had five components:

  • Component 1: Facilitating Cross-Border Agricultural Trade and Investment
  • Component 2: Promoting Public-Private Partnerships for Sharing Agricultural Information
  • Component 3: Enhancing Capacity in Agricultural Science and Technology
  • Component 4: Establishing Emergency Response Mechanisms for Agricultural and Natural Resource Crises
  • Component 5: Strengthening Institutional Linkages and Mechanisms for Cooperation
  • CASP Phase I Accomplishments

Building on the success of the Core Agriculture Support Program (CASP) Phase I (2006-2010), CASP Phase II (2011-2015), recently extending the implementation to 2020; proposes new strategic directions to address emerging challenges to agricultural development, specifically those linked to expanding cross-border trade in agri-food products, climate change adaptation, and food and bioenergy security.

Under CASP Phase II, the vision for the GMS agriculture sector is The GMS is recognized as the leading producer of safe food, using climate –friendly agricultural practices and integrated into global markets through regional economic corridors. The broad strategy of CASP Phase II is to increase subregional agricultural competitiveness and agribusiness investment in the economic corridors. This will be facilitated through modernized trading system that provides links to regional and global markets. The foundation of the strategy includes agricultural research and technology that emphasizes climate-friendly agricultural development, private sector involvement to ensure sustainability, and institutional mechanisms to enhance regional cooperation with incentives to achieve the vision.

The broad strategy of CASP Phase II is supported by three strategic pillars and building blocks:

  • Pillar 1: Building global competitiveness by promoting food safety and modernizing agricultural trade
  • Pillar 2: Promoting climate-friendly agriculture via a market-based strategy to ensure food security while rewarding farmers for their ecosystem service
  • Pillar 3: Promoting agriculture as a leader in providing clean rural renewable energy and cross-border eco-friendly supply chains

 

Contacts: 

Sununtar Setboonsarng, Principal Natural Resources and Agriculture Economist and GMS WGA Project Officer, Southeast Asia Department, Asian Development Bank, 6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City, 1550 Metro Manila, Philippines

Javed Hussain Mir, Director, Environment, Natural Resources and Agriculture Division (SEER), Southeast Asia Department, Asian Development Bank, 6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong City, 1550 Metro Manila, Philippines