Since the inception of the mandate of the Special Adviser on Sport for Development and Peace in 2001 and the publication of a UN inter-agency report in 2003, showing how sport can assist in the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), important progress has been made in the adoption of official documents providing global policy frameworks for to the field of Sport for Development and peace.
Gathered in the UN General Assembly, the UN Member States have repeatedly, since 2003, demonstrated their commitment and support to the use of sport as a vehicle for human development and peace by adopting a series of resolutions. In the resolutions entitled “Sport as a means to promote education, health, development and peace”, the UN Secretary-General is traditionally requested to report to the General Assembly on the implementation of the recommendations they contain.
Sport has also been acknowledged as a vehicle for peace and development in several key UN documents and declarations, in particular, the 2000 United Nations Millennium Declaration (General Assembly Resolution 55/2) which urges Member States “to observe the Olympic Truce, individually and collectively, and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (General Assembly Resolution 70/1) where Heads of State and Government and High Representatives declared sport “an important enabler of sustainable development” and recognized “the growing contribution of sport to the realization of development and peace in its promotion of tolerance and respect and the contributions it makes to the empowerment of women and of young people, individuals and communities as well as to health, education and social inclusion objectives."
The ability of sport to foster peace and development was also recognized in the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document and the 2010 MDG High-level Meeting Outcome Document, whereby Heads of State and Government “recognize that sport, as a tool for education, development and peace, can promote cooperation, solidarity, tolerance, understanding, social inclusion and health at the local, national and international levels.”