HIGHLIGHTS OF THE NOON BRIEFING BY STÉPHANE DUJARRIC,
SPOKESMAN FOR SECRETARY-GENERAL ANTÓNIO GUTERRES
FRIDAY, 22 DECEMBER 2017
SECRETARY-GENERAL NAMES HENRIETTA H. FORE HEAD OF U.N. CHILDREN’S FUND
- Following consultations with the Executive Board of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres announced today the appointment of Henrietta H. Fore of the United States as the Fund’s new Executive Director.
- She will succeed Anthony Lake, to whom the Secretary-General is grateful for his commitment and dedicated service to the Organization. Mr. Lake brought a renewed focus on equity throughout UNICEF’s programmes and services for children. In achieving results for every child, his leadership has strengthened UNICEF’s reputation and credibility as an organization, and as a valued, expert partner for governments, civil society groups and businesses around the world, working together to achieve results for children.
- Ms. Fore has worked to champion economic development, education and health, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief for the most vulnerable in the international and developing world in a public service, private sector and non-profit leadership career that spans more than four decades.
- She was the first woman to be appointed as the Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Director of United States Foreign Assistance in the U.S. Department of State.
SECRETARY-GENERAL EXTENDS MANDATE OF SPECIAL TRIBUNAL FOR LEBANON
- Secretary-General António Guterres has extended the mandate of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon from 1 March 2018 for a period of three years, or upon the completion of the cases before the Special Tribunal if sooner. The extension is in accordance with Security Council resolution 1797 (2005).
- The mandate of the Special Tribunal, which is based near The Hague in the Netherlands, is to hold trials for those accused of carrying out the attack of 15 February 2005 in Beirut, which killed 22 people, including the former Prime Minister of Lebanon, Rafiq Hariri, and injured many others. The trial in absentia of four individuals indicted over the killing began in January 2014 and is currently ongoing.
- The Special Tribunal also has jurisdiction over attacks carried out in Lebanon between 1 October 2004 and 12 December 2005 if they are connected to the attack of 14 February 2005 and are of a similar nature and gravity.
- The Secretary-General reaffirms the commitment of the United Nations to support the work of the Special Tribunal in the fight against impunity for such major crimes, in order to bring those responsible to justice. The United Nations looks forward to the completion of the mandate of the Special Tribunal in a timely manner. The United Nations also looks forward to the continued support and cooperation of the Government of Lebanon.
COMPLEXITY OF GLOBAL CHALLENGES TOO IMMENSE FOR ANY COUNTRY, ORGANIZATION TO TACKLE ALONE - SECRETARY-GENERAL
- The Secretary-General is concluding his stay in the Netherlands today.
- Earlier this morning in The Hague, he officially opened the Humanitarian Data Centre.
- The centre is established and managed by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. It is supported by the Government of the Netherlands and is part of The Hague Humanity Hub. The Centre aims to significantly increase the use and impact of data in humanitarian crises.
- In his remarks, the Secretary-General said that the challenge is to connect innovation and harness it to help millions of vulnerable people. This centre, he said, will help get people the support they need more quickly and efficiently by harnessing the power of data.
- While in the Hague, the Secretary-General also delivered a key note address at a seminar entitled “Security Central: the United Nations and the Current Threats to International Peace and Security.”
- He told the audience at the seminar, conducted at the Peace Palace in The Hague, that the magnitude and complexity of global challenges are too immense for any country or organization to tackle alone. We need to do more to devise joint strategies and draw on our comparative advantages. He added that, together, we must spread a common message of tolerance, and present an alternative vision to the xenophobic agendas that fuel conflict and the animosity in the region and around the world.
- During his visit to the Peace Palace the Secretary-General, also met with the President and members of the International Court of Justice.
- Before departing The Hague, the Secretary-General visited the Oumnia community centre which works with families on preventing radicalization and violent extremism of young people.
15th PEACEKEEPER DIES AFTER ATTACK ON U.N. BASE IN D.R. CONGO
- The UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) confirmed today that a 15th Tanzanian peacekeeper has died in Kampala, Uganda, as a result of injuries sustained during the 7 December attack on a MONUSCO base in Semuliki in Eastern DRC.
- We offer our condolences to the families of the deceased and to the Government of Tanzania.
FRESH D.R. CONGO VIOLENCE FUELS SPIKE IN NUMBER OF PEOPLE FLEEING TO UGANDA – U.N. REFUGEE AGENCY
- The UN Refugee Agency says it is witnessing a sharp rise in the number of people from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) seeking safety in Uganda.
- More than 2,650 refugees have crossed the border this week, fleeing fresh violence in the Ituri province – five times the usual number of arrivals. The majority of refugees cross Lake Albert on rickety fishing vessels.
- Inside Uganda, UNHCR is stepping up its capacity to meet the refugees’ needs. Refugees are registered, medically screened and provided with hot meals and basic relief items.
- However, with the operation in Uganda funded only by 39 per cent, more resources are urgently needed to upgrade the reception capacity and assist the new arrivals. This is particularly important, given that Uganda already hosts the largest number of refugees in Africa – some 1,4 million overall.
- In total, the number of Congolese refugees in neighboring countries has increased by almost 100,000 people in the space of one year, reaching over 623,000 by end November.
- They add to some 4,1 million internally displaced Congolese, rendering DRC the country with the highest number of displaced people in Africa.
U.N. MISSION IN SOUTH SUDAN WELCOMES SIGNING OF CESSATION OF HOSTILITIES AGREEMENT
- The UN Mission in South Sudan today welcomed the signing of a cessation of hostilities agreement by parties attending the High-Level Revitalization Forum in Addis Ababa.
- The mission said that the Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities, Protection of Civilians and Humanitarian Access is an important first step in the revitalization of the peace process. It urges all parties to adhere to the Agreement and end the ongoing violence so that durable peace can be achieved.
U.N. DELIVERED 240,000 TONS OF AID INTO YEMEN SINCE NOVEMBER
- On Yemen, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs reports that, since 6 November, there have been 16 humanitarian vessel movements, including two vessels that transported Somali migrants out of Yemen, and 36 UN Humanitarian Air Service flights.
- The UN also delivered 240,000 metric tons of humanitarian assistance into Yemen, including 18,000 metric tons delivered on flights.
- Separately, commercial food is entering Yemen. The Coalition has cleared fuel tankers to come in, but a commercial fuel tanker is yet to come into Hudaydah port.
U.N. SYRIA ENVOY ATTENDS ASTANA MEETING, REITERATES NEED TO DE-ESCALATE VIOLENCE
- The Special Envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, attended today the Astana meeting, in Kazakhstan, organised under the auspices of the three guarantors of the 30 December 2016 ceasefire – Iran, Russia and Turkey.
- The Special Envoy reiterated his belief that maintaining and enhancing the de-escalation of violence remains an essential contribution to the shaping of an environment conducive to political progress in Syria.
- He called for unhindered humanitarian access throughout the country - in particular to Eastern Ghouta.
- The Special Envoy also recalled his intention to convene a ninth round of intra-Syrian talks under the auspices of the UN in January.
- He said he was looking forward to making substantive progress with the Syrian delegations in this context, as the round will be an important opportunity to assess the readiness and ability of the parties, with the support of the international community, to advance a political solution to the Syrian crisis.
U.N. AGENCY CALLS ON AUSTRALIA TO FIND SOLUTIONS FOR REFUGEES ABANDONED ON MANUS ISLAND
- In Australia, UNHCR is once again calling on the Government to urgently find humane solutions for the refugees and asylum seekers that were abandoned in Manus Island.
- The agency said that since the closure of this “offshore processing” facility on 31 October, approximately 800 people have remained in a precarious situation. Some 700 of them are now accommodated in the three sites, but over the past month at least five security incidents have been reported in these locations.
- In addition, a recent medical report commissioned by UNCHR showed that the substandard living and hygiene conditions that refugees are in is putting their physical and mental health at risk.
U.N. AGENCY VOICES CONCERN OVER SITUATION OF REFUGEES ON GREEK ISLANDS
- The UN Refugee Agency today said it remains very concerned about the situation of refugees and migrants on the Greek Aegean islands, particularly in Lesvos, Chios and Samos.
- Since mid-October, some 6,000 asylum seekers have been moved by the Greek government out of the islands with UNHCR’s support. However, some 10,000 people are still crammed into government-run facilities, making the situation critical.
- UNHCR said time is of the essence and called on the Government to shorten procedures for people who are eligible to move and to improve conditions for those who continue to stay.