The information below is based on the Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council (S/2020/487) issued on 03 June 2020.

In Nepal, survivors of conflict-related sexual violence continue to face obstacles in accessing services, justice and reparations, almost 14 years after the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (2006). Fears of social stigma and the absence of criminal accountability for serious crimes, including sexual violence, deter survivors from coming forward to seek redress. The national transitional justice mechanisms, namely the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the Commission of Investigation on Enforced Disappeared Persons, established in 2014, have yet to resolve a single case. Out of the 63,000 complaints registered, 308 relate to conflict-related sexual violence committed during the conflict era by both government security forces and Maoist rebels. Advances in truth-telling initiatives and reparations, and efforts to identify the perpetrators of these crimes, have been limited. The Government is finalizing its second national action plan on the implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000), which incorporates the key priorities of survivors of conflict-related sexual violence, including the social reintegration challenges faced by women ex-combatants and children born of rape.

Recommendation

I urge governments of countries undergoing post-conflict transitional justice processes to ensure that survivors of wartime sexual violence have full access to national relief, recovery and reparations programmes on a basis of equality before the law, and that concrete measures are taken to end the vicious cycle of violence and impunity for these crimes. I further call upon these governments to ensure gender-responsive security sector reform, the provision of comprehensive services for survivors and children born of rape, and to prioritize efforts to alleviate stigma, as part of measures to repair the social fabric torn by conflict.

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