The information below is based on the Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council (S/2020/487) issued on 03 June 2020.

The political situation in Côte d’Ivoire has stabilized in recent years, with an attendant de-escalation in violence. The drawdown of the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) in 2017, and the delisting of the Forces armées de Côte d’Ivoire from the annex to the annual report on conflict-related sexual violence, also in 2017 (see S/2017/249), are important signs of progress in the consolidation of peace. The monitoring and reporting of conflict-related sexual violence continues to be carried out by a national committee consisting of members of the security forces, the national human rights commission and civil society organizations, with support from the United Nations. In the lead-up to the 2020 presidential elections, this committee is taking measures to prevent renewed patterns of political violence, including sexual violence, by putting in place early warning mechanisms. Training and capacity-building to help the security forces deter and detect sexual violence has taken place, specialized gender desks have been established within the national police, and justice sector officials have been trained on relevant legal frameworks prohibiting sexual violence. Despite the publication of a presidential ordinance in 2018, granting amnesty to individuals prosecuted or sentenced for offences relating to the 2010–2011 post-electoral crisis, institutional counterparts affirm that perpetrators of crimes of international concern will not benefit from immunity. Although the Government has provided general compensation to many victims of the post-electoral violence, no cases of sexual violence committed in this context have progressed to trial and none of the survivors have received reparations.

Recommendation

I urge governments of countries undergoing post-conflict transitional justice processes to ensure that survivors of wartime sexual violence have full access to national relief, recovery and reparations programmes on a basis of equality before the law, and that concrete measures are taken to end the vicious cycle of violence and impunity for these crimes. I further call upon these governments to ensure gender-responsive security sector reform, the provision of comprehensive services for survivors and children born of rape, and to prioritize efforts to alleviate stigma, as part of measures to repair the social fabric torn by conflict.

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