Work and Mandate
The Committee is supported by the Panel of Experts (PoE) on Somalia, which was established by paragraph 11 of resolution 2444 (2018) and renewed by paragraph 29 of resolution 2498 (2019) until 15 December 2020. It is comprised of six experts and it is based in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi. The mandate of the Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group, which previously supported the Committee, is terminated by the Security Council with effect from 16 December 2018.
The mandate of the Panel of Experts on Somalia shall include the tasks referred to paragraph 1 of resolution 2498 (2019) and paragraph 11 of resolution 2444 (2018). The latter paragraph also refers to resolutions 2036 (2012), 2060 (2012), 2093 (2013) and 2182 (2014), insofar as the mandate stipulated therein relates to Somalia. Consequently, the Panel is mandated, inter alia:
- To monitor and investigate the implementation of the measures imposed on Somalia (arms embargo, travel ban, asset freeze and charcoal ban);
- To assess actions taken by Somali authorities, as well as Member States, in particular those in the region, to fully implement the arms embargo regime;
- To make specific recommendations based on detailed information in relevant areas of expertise related to violations and measures to give effect to and strengthen the implementation of the arms embargo in its various aspects;
- To investigate, in coordination with relevant international agencies, all activities, including in the financial, maritime and other sectors, which generate revenues used to commit violations of the Somalia and arms embargo;
- To investigate any means of transport, routes, seaports, airports and other facilities used in connection with violations of the Somalia arms embargo;
- To assist the Committee in compiling narrative summaries of reasons for listing individuals and entities designated by the Committee;
- To compile, refine and update information on the draft list of those individuals and entities that potentially meet the listing criteria for possible future measures by the Security Council;
- To investigate any seaport operations in Somalia that may generate revenue for Al-Shabaab;
- To conduct an analysis of all of Al-Shabaab’s revenue sources, their methods of storage and transfer, and mapping of illegal taxation systems, and to provide recommendations to the Committee;
- To work closely with the Committee on specific recommendations for additional measures to improve overall compliance with the sanctions measures;
- To assist in identifying areas where the capacities of States in the region can be strengthened to facilitate the implementation of the sanctions measures;
- To report on and provide the Committee with an assessment of the progress made by the Federal Government of Somalia to put the infrastructure in place to ensure the safe storage, registration, maintenance and distribution of military equipment by its security forces, as well as the progress made by the Government in establishing the procedures and codes of conduct for the registration, distribution, use and storage of weapons by its security forces, and on training needs;
- To provide an assessment of any misappropriation or sale of arms and ammunition and military equipment to other groups, including militias, in order to assist the Security Council in any review of the appropriateness of the modified arms embargo on Somalia;
- To report on the implementation of maritime interdiction of charcoal and arms;
- To report on its own ability to monitor the delivery of weapons, military equipment and assistance to Somalia;
- To continue the investigations started by the Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group related to the export to Somalia of chemicals that may be used as oxidisers in the manufacture of improvised explosive devices;
- To provide monthly updates to the Committee;
- To provide a comprehensive midterm update to the Committee;
- To submit, for the consideration of the Security Council, through the Committee, a final report.
The Panel of Experts acts under the direction of the Committee and its members are appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations in consultation with the Committee.