In accordance with paragraph 14 of resolution 1844 (2008) and paragraph q of section 2 of the Committee guidelines, the Committee pursuant to resolution 751 (1992) concerning Somalia makes accessible a narrative summary of reasons for the listing for individuals, groups, undertakings and entities included on its 1844 Sanctions List.
Maalim Salman was listed on 23 September 2014 pursuant to paragraph 8 of resolution 1844 (2008); paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of resolution 2002 (2011); paragraph 23 of resolution 2036 (2012); and paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of resolution 2060 (2012).
Maalim Salman was chosen by al-Shabaab leader Ahmed Abdi aw-Mohamed aka Godane to be the head of African foreign fighters for al-Shabaab. He has trained foreign nationals who were seeking to join al-Shabaab as African foreign fighters, and has been involved in operations in Africa targeting tourists, entertainment establishments, and churches.
Although focused mainly on operations outside of Somalia, Salman is known to reside in Somalia and train foreign fighters in Somalia before dispatching them elsewhere. Some of al-Shabaab’s foreign fighters also have a presence in Somalia. For example, Salman ordered al-Shabaab foreign fighters to southern Somalia in response to an African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) offensive.
Among other terrorist attacks, al-Shabaab was responsible for the attack on the Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya in September 2013, which resulted in the deaths of at least 67 people. More recently, al-Shabaab claimed the August 31, 2014 attack on the National Intelligence and Security Agency prison in Mogadishu, killing three security guards and two civilians, and injuring 15 others.