In accordance with paragraph 20 of resolution 2160 (2014), the 1988 Sanctions Committee makes accessible a narrative summary of reasons for the listing for individuals, groups, undertakings and entities included in the 1988 Sanctions List.
The Haqqani Network was listed on 5 November 2012 pursuant to paragraph 3 of resolution 1988 (2011) for “participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf of, or in support of” and “otherwise supporting acts or activities of” those designated and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with the Taliban in constituting a threat to the peace, stability and security of Afghanistan.
The Haqqani Network has its roots in the Afghan conflict of the late 1970s. In the mid-1980s, Jalaluddin Haqqani (TAi.40), the founder of the Haqqani Network, forged a relationship with the leader of Al-Qaida (QDe.004 on the Al-Qaida Sanctions List), Usama bin Laden (deceased). Jalaluddin joined the Taliban movement in 1995, but maintained his own power base along the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan. After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, Jalaluddin's son, Sirajuddin Haqqani (TAi.144), took control of the network and has since then led the group into the forefront of insurgent activities in Afghanistan.
The Haqqani Network has been responsible for many of the highest-profile attacks in Afghanistan. In January 2008, Haqqani Network operatives stormed the Serena Hotel in Kabul, killing eight people. In January 2010, the Haqqani Network was behind a coordinated attack on key government buildings in Kabul, which killed five people and wounded 70. In June 2011, the network was responsible for the attack on the Intercontinental Hotel in Kabul, which killed 11 Afghan civilians and two Afghan policemen. The Haqqani Network was also responsible for the September 2011 attack against the United States Embassy and the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) Headquarters in Kabul. Sixteen Afghans were killed in the 19-hour attack, including at least six children. The group was also behind the 15 April 2012 coordinated attacks in Kabul and three other Afghan cities, which lasted 18 hours and left at least 11 Afghan security personnel and four civilians dead.
The Haqqani Network has also been involved in a number of kidnappings, and has cooperated with the Taliban and other militant organizations in Afghanistan.