Date on which the narrative summary became available on the Committee's website: 
29 October 2014
Date(s) on which the narrative summary was updated: 
5 December 2016
Reason for listing: 

Pacifique Ntawunguka was listed on 3 March 2009 pursuant to the criteria set out in paragraph 4 of resolution 1857 (2008).

Additional information: 

Pacifique Ntawunguka was the commander of the First Division of FOCA, the armed wing of the FDLR. As military leader of a foreign armed group operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, he impeded the disarmament and the voluntary repatriation and resettlement of combatants, in violation of Security Council resolution 1857 (2008) OP 4 (b). In evidence collated by the UNSC DRC Sanctions Committee Group of Experts, detailed in its report of 13 February 2008, girls recovered from FDLR-FOCA had previously been abducted and sexually abused. Since mid-2007, FDLR-FOCA, which previously recruited boys in their mid to late teens, has been forcefully recruiting youth from the age of 10 years. The youngest are then used as escorts, and older children are deployed as soldiers on the frontline, in violation of Security Council resolution 1857 (2008) OP4 (d) and (e). Received military training in Egypt.

As of mid-2016, Ntawunguka was the FDLR-FOCA “SONOKI” Sector Commander in North Kivu province.