Date on which the narrative summary became available on the Committee's website: 
29 October 2014
Date(s) on which the narrative summary was updated: 
5 December 2016
Reason for listing: 

Innocent Kaina was listed on 30 November 2012 pursuant to the criteria set out in paragraph 4 of resolution 2078 (2012).

Additional information: 

Innocent Kaina was Sector and then Deputy Commander in the Mouvement du 23 Mars (M23). He was responsible for and committed serious violations of international law and human rights. In July 2007, the Garrison Military Tribunal of Kinshasa found Kaina responsible for crimes against humanity committed in the District of Ituri between May 2003 and December 2005. He was released in 2009 as part of the peace agreement between the Congolese government and the CNDP. Within the FARDC in 2009, he was guilty of executions, abductions and maiming in Masisi territory. As a commander under the orders of General Taganda, he initiated the ex-CNDP mutiny in Rutshuru territory in April 2012. He ensured the security of the mutineers out of Masisi. Between May and August 2012, he oversaw the recruitment and training of over 150 children for the M23 rebellion, shooting the boys who had tried to escape. In July 2012, he travelled to Berunda and Degho for mobilization and recruitment activities for the M23. Kaina fled to Uganda in November 2013 and was still there as of early 2016.