In accordance with paragraph 2 (g) of the Guidelines for the conduct of its work, the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1533 (2004) concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo makes accessible a narrative summary of reasons for the listing for individuals, groups, undertakings and entities included in its sanctions list.
Callixte Mbarushimana was listed on 3 March 2009 pursuant to the criteria set out in paragraph 4 of resolution 1857 (2008).
Callixte Mbarushimana was Executive Secretary of the FDLR and Vice-President of the FDLR military high command until his arrest. As a political/military leader of a foreign armed group operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, he impeded the disarmament and the voluntary repatriation and resettlement of combatants, per Security Council resolution 1857 (2008) OP 4 (b). He was arrested in Paris on 3 October 2010 under ICC warrant for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by FDLR troops in the Kivus in 2009. He was transferred to The Hague on 25 January 2011, but released in late 2011. He was re-elected FDLR Executive Secretary on 29 November 2014 for a five-year term.