In accordance with paragraph 13 of resolution 1822 (2008) and subsequent related resolutions, the ISIL (Da'esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee makes accessible a narrative summary of reasons for the listing for individuals, groups, undertakings and entities included in the ISIL (Da'esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions List.
Zafar Iqbal was listed on 14 March 2012 pursuant to paragraph 4 of resolution 1989 (2011) as being associated with Al-Qaida for “participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing, or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf of, or in support of” and “recruiting for” Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (QDe.118).
Zafar Iqbal is a senior leader and co-founder of Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LeT) (QDe.118), which he formed in the late 1980s with current LeT emir Hafiz Muhammad Saeed (QDi.263), and LeT financier and senior member Mahmoud Mohammad Bahaziq (QDi.266).
Zafar Iqbal has served in various Lashkar-e-Tayyiba/Jamaat-ud-Dawa (LeT/JuD) senior leadership positions and was once considered the LeT/JuD second-in-command. As of late 2010, Iqbal was in charge of the LeT/JuD finance department. As of early 2010, Iqbal was also the director of the LeT/JuD education department, a position he has held since at least 2003. As the head of the LeT/JuD education department, Iqbal has been involved in recruiting activities on behalf of the group and preparing the curricula for schools run by LeT/JuD in Pakistan. As of 2010, Iqbal was also the president of the LeT/JuD medical wing and secretary of a university trust created by LeT/JuD to carry out unspecified activities on behalf of the group.
Zafar Iqbal has also been involved in LeT/JuD fundraising activities. As of 2008, Iqbal was identified as the LeT/JuD chief of fundraising and had raised money for some LeT/JuD construction efforts. In 2010, Iqbal was personally involved in the construction of an LeT/JuD facility. In 1989-1990, Iqbal traveled to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, with LeT emir Hafiz Muhammad Saeed to request financial support from former Al-Qaida (QDe.004) leader Usama bin Laden (deceased).