In accordance with paragraph 13 of resolution 1822 (2008) and subsequent related resolutions, the ISIL (Da'esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee makes accessible a narrative summary of reasons for the listing for individuals, groups, undertakings and entities included in the ISIL (Da'esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions List.
Muhsin Fadhil Ayed Ashour al-Fadhli was listed on 17 February 2005 pursuant to paragraphs 1 and 16 of resolution 1526 (2004) as being associated with Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden or the Taliban for “participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf or in support of” Al-Qaida (QDe.004).
Muhsin Fadhil Ayed Ashour al-Fadhli has acted for or on behalf of Al-Qaida (QDe.004) and Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, listed as Ahmad Fadil Nazal al-Khalayleh (deceased). Al-Fadhli is an Al-Qaida leader in the Persian Gulf. He was the bodyguard and second-in-command for a leader in the Al-Qaida network and fought with Al-Qaida in the north of Afghanistan. Al-Fadhli also fought against Russian forces in Chechnya, where he trained in the use of firearms, antiaircraft guns and explosives. Al-Fadhli was a facilitator connected with the Al-Zarqawi groups in Iraq, providing support to fighters there. In an effort to solidify the support of key financial backers sponsoring attacks, Al-Fadhli asked for tapes showing evidence of successful attacks in Iraq. Al-Fadhli was implicated in an attack against United States Marines on the Kuwaiti Faylaka Island on 8 October 2002, in which one Marine died.
Al-Fadhli also raised money in Kuwait which was used to finance the 6 October 2002 attack on the French ship, MV LIMBURG, off the coast of Yemen and was earmarked to fund another operation against United States interests. Al-Qaida operative Muhammad al-Hamati, listed as Mohammad Hamdi Mohammad Sadiq al-Ahdal (QDi.020), called Al-Fadhli in the wake of the attack on the MV LIMBURG to inform him that the operation had been completed.
In February 2003, a Kuwaiti Court convicted four suspects, including Al-Fadhli, of providing funding for terrorist activities and undergoing military training in Afghanistan for the purposes of terrorism. The Kuwaiti Court handed down five-year jail sentences to the suspects. Al-Fadhli has also been charged by the authorities of Saudi Arabia for terrorist activities committed inside the Kingdom.