In accordance with paragraph 13 of resolution 1822 (2008) and subsequent related resolutions, the Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee makes accessible a narrative summary of reasons for the listing for individuals, groups, undertakings and entities included in the Al-Qaida Sanctions List.
Aqsa Mahmood was listed on 28 September 2015 pursuant to paragraphs 2 and 4 of resolution 2161 (2014) as being associated with Al-Qaida for “participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing, or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf of, or in support of”, “recruiting for” and “otherwise supporting acts or activities of” Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant, listed as Al-Qaida in Iraq (QDe.115).
Aqsa Mahmood travelled to the Syrian Arab Republic in November 2013 to join Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), listed as Al-Qaida in Iraq (QDe.115). Mahmood is believed to be a key figure in the Al-Khanssaa brigade, a female ISIL brigade established in Al-Raqqa to enforce ISIL’s interpretation of Sharia law.
Mahmood has since maintained an active social media presence, under the name Umm Layth. Mahmood has recruited and supported ISIL online; she has condoned previous attacks in Europe and elsewhere and encouraged further attacks to be carried out. She has posted images of executions carried out by ISIL fighters and messages to the West saying “your countries will be destroyed [and] blood will be spilled”. Mahmood is also responsible for recruiting others, particularly women, to join ISIL and uses social media to offer advice on how to travel to Syria.
In a post on her blog on 29 June 2015, Mahmood celebrated the terrorist attacks claimed by ISIL in Tunisia, France and Kuwait describing them as “revenge” and “a day that would go down in history”.