In accordance with paragraph 36 of resolution 2161 (2014) , the Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee makes accessible a narrative summary of reasons for the listing for individuals, groups, undertakings and entities included in the Al-Qaida Sanctions List.
The Mouvement pour l’Unification et le Jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest (MUJAO) was listed on 5 December 2012 pursuant to paragraphs 1 and 12 of resolution 1989 (2011) as being associated with the Organization of Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (QDe.014) for participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing, or perpetrating of acts or activities in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf of, or in support of that entity.
The Mouvement pour l’Unification et le Jihad en Afrique de l’Ouest (MUJAO) is a splinter group of the Organization of Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (QDe.014) (AQIM), which formally announced its existence following the abduction of three humanitarian workers from a Saharan refugee camp in Tindouf on 23 October 2011. This was MUJAO’s first attack.
MUJAO co-exists and works together with AQIM from which its operational capabilities derive. MUJAO operates in the same geographical area in the Sahel and shares objectives of AQIM. It grew considerably in its first twelve months of operation.
MUJAO is the result of internal struggles within Al Moulathamoun (QDe.140), a part of AQIM headed by Mokhtar Belmokhtar (QDi.136). The causes of those struggles were linked to the leadership of the group, the distribution of ransoms paid for hostages and the sharing of profits from drug trafficking.
MUJAO's leaders are known to be drug traffickers involved in the drugs trade in the Sahel and southern Algeria.
MUJAO has claimed responsibility for the following operations:
- The abduction of three humanitarian workers from a Saharan refugee camp in the region of Tindouf, Algeria, on 23 October 2011.
- The abduction of seven Algerian diplomats, including the Consul, in Gao, Mali, on 5 April 2012.
- The attack on the Gendarmerie Nationale base in Tamanrasset, Algeria, on 23 March 2012.
- The attack on the Gendarmerie Nationale base in Ouargla, Algeria, on 29 June 2012.
Taking advantage of the uprising of rebel movements in northern Mali in early 2012, MUJAO has seized the towns of Gao and Bourem and taken supplies of weapons from Malian arsenals. It is thus heavily armed with, for example, heavy machine guns (14.5 and 23 mm), anti-tank grenade launchers (RPG-7), mortars (60 and 82 mm), conventional (TNT) and home-made explosives, night-vision binoculars and means of communication (mobile and satellite telephones, and VHF radios).
In November 2012, an alliance was concluded between MUJAO, Ansar Eddine (QDe.135) and AQIM. A common strategy was defined and offices were established north of Gao by a mission combining MUJAO, Ansar Eddine, and the AQIM.
Since the start of Operation Serval, Iyad ag Ghali (QDi.316) has aligned himself with AQIM and MUJAO brigades that are fighting the French and Malian armed forces.