Date on which the narrative summary became available on the Committee's website: 
7 April 2011
Date(s) on which the narrative summary was updated: 
19 July 2019
14 March 2022
Reason for listing: 

Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya / AIAI was listed on 6 October 2001 pursuant to paragraph 8(c) of resolution 1333 (2000) as being associated with Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden or the Taliban for “participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf or in support of”, “supplying, selling or transferring arms and related materiel to” or “otherwise supporting acts or activities of” Al-Qaida (QDe.004) and Usama bin Laden.

Additional information: 

Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya / AIAI was established between 1982 and 1984 and, along with other organizations, sought to overthrow the government in Somalia. AIAI’s leadership has included Hassan Dahir Aweys (QDi.042). AIAI began its alliance with Al-Qaida (QDe.004) in 1993 and Usama bin Laden (deceased) devoted substantial funds towards the establishment of an AIAI-administered authority in Somalia, which supported the ultimate aim of setting up an Al-Qaida base of operations there. AIAI later supported Al-Qaida’s bombing of the United States Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania on 7 August 1998. AIAI also supported Al-Qaida’s bomb attack on the Paradise Hotel in Kikambala and the simultaneous attack against a civilian airliner in Mombasa, Kenya, in 2002.

AIAI has generated funds through criminal and business activities, both in Somalia and abroad. 

AIAI shares ideological, financial and training links with Al-Qaida and has fostered contacts with Al-Qaida-associated entities in North Africa and the Middle East, including Algeria's Armed Islamic Group (QDe.006); Egyptian Islamic Jihad (QDe.003); Le Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat (GSPC), listed as the Organization of Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (QDe.014); the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (QDe.011 ); the Islamic Army of Aden (QDe.009); the International Islamic Relief Organization (some offices of which are listed on the Al-Qaida Sanctions List); and Revival of Islamic Heritage Society (QDe.070).