In accordance with section 5(g) of its Guidelines, the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 2140 makes accessible a narrative summary of reasons for the listing for individuals, groups, undertakings and entities included in its sanctions list.
Muhammad Abd Al-Karim Al-Ghamari was listed on 9 Nov. 2021 pursuant to paragraphs 11 and 15 of resolution 2140 (2014) and paragraph 14 of resolution 2216 (2015), as meeting the designation criteria set out in paragraph 17 of resolution 2140 (2014).
Muhammad Abd Al-Karim Al-Ghamari has engaged in acts and provided support for acts that threaten the peace, security and stability of Yemen.
Al-Ghamari is listed for his involvement in and leadership of Houthi military campaigns that threaten the peace, security, and stability of Yemen thereby meeting the criteria for designation as laid out in Paragraph 17 of Resolution 2140 (2014). Al-Ghamari, as Houthi Military Chief of General Staff, plays the leading role in orchestrating the Houthis’ military efforts that are directly threatening the peace, security and stability of Yemen, as well as cross-border attacks against Saudi Arabia. He most recently took charge of the large-scale Houthi offensive against Yemeni government-held territory in Marib governorate. The Marib offensive is exacerbating Yemen’s humanitarian crisis, as it puts approximately one million vulnerable internally displaced people at risk of being displaced yet again, lead to the deaths of civilians, and is triggering broader escalation of the conflict.
-Al Estiklal profile- “Muhammad Al-Ghamari; The Houthi Leader Who Conveyed The Iranian ‘Revolutionary Guards’ Experience To Yemen” (https://www.alestiklal.net/en/view/8824/muhammad-al-ghamari-the-houthi-l...) [accessed on 19/Oct/21]
-Al Mashhad al-Yemeni (Arabic)- “Insurgency Leader Al-Huthi Appoints Prominent Commander To Lead Fighting in Al Hudaydah” (https://www.almashhad-alyemeni.com/print~136875) [accessed on 19/Oct/21]
-Al Mashhad al-Yemeni (Arabic)- Arabic report on appointment of al-Ghamari as “Commander in Chief” in Marib (https://www.almashhad-alyemeni.com/195498) [accessed on 19/Oct/21]
-Al Manar TV- “Yemeni Chief of Staff: Ready for Long-Term War with Saudi-led Coalition States” (http://english.manartv.com.lb/842052) [accessed on 19/Oct/21]
-Al Marjie (Arabic)- Profile of al-Ghamari- https://www.almarjie-paris.com/1479 [accessed on 19/Oct/21]
- Al Jazeera – “Houthis say they attacked Aramco, Patriot targets in Saudi Arabia” (https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/4/15/yemens-houthis-say-attacked-ara...) [accessed on 19/Oct/21]
-Human Rights Watch- “Houthi Landmines Kill Civilians, Block Aid” (https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/04/22/yemen-houthi-landmines-kill-civilian...) [accessed on 19/Oct/21]
-The Missile War in Yemen: Report by Center for International and Strategic Studies (https://www.csis.org/analysis/missile-war-yemen-1) [accessed on 19/Oct/21]
-Mines And IEDs Employed By Houthi Forces On Yemen’s West Coast: Report by Conflict Armament Research (https://www.conflictarm.com/dispatches/mines-and-ieds-employed-by-houthi...) [accessed on 19/Oct/21]