The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant - Khorasan (ISIL - K)

QDe.161
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant - Khorasan (ISIL - K)
Date on which the narrative summary became available on the Committee's website: 
14 May 2019
Reason for listing: 

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant - Khorasan (ISIL - K) was listed on 14 May 2019 pursuant to paragraphs 2 and 4 of resolution 2368 (2017) as being associated with ISIL or Al-Qaida for “participating in the financing, planning, facilitating, preparing, or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf of, or in support of”, “supplying, selling or transferring arms and related materiel”, “recruiting for”, “otherwise supporting acts or activities,” is “either owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by, or otherwise supporting” and engages in “other acts or activities indicating association with Al-Qaida, ISIL, or any cell, affiliate, splinter group or derivative thereof”:  AL-QAIDA IN IRAQ (QDe.115)

Additional information: 

ISIL Khorasan (ISIL - K) announced its formation in an online video on January 10, 2015. The group was led by a former Tehrik-e Taliban (QDe.132) commander, , and was established by former Taliban faction commanders who swore an oath of allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) (listed as Al-Qaida in Iraq (QDe.115)) leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (listed as Ibrahim Awwad Ibrahim Ali al-Badri al-Samarrai (QDi.299)). On January 26, 2015 ISIL spokesman Abou Mohamed al Adnani (QDi.325), announced ISIL’s expansion into the area historically known as Khorasan, by acknowledging ISIL – K’s leader’s pledge of allegiance to al-Baghdadi and claiming al-Baghdadi accepted the pledge and appointed him as governor of the Khorasan Province. 

ISIL- K has carried out numerous attacks since its formation:

•    In April 2015, the group claimed responsibility for a bombing at a bank in Jalalabad, Afghanistan that killed at least 34 people and injured over 120.  
•    In September 2015, the group carried out an assault on police checkpoints in eastern Afghanistan, killing at least two police officers.  
•    In November 2016, the group claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing at a Sufi shrine in Quetta, Pakistan that killed at least 50 people and injured over 100 people. 
•    In December 2017, the group claimed responsibility for multiple suicide bombings at a Shi’ite cultural center and news agency in Kabul, Afghanistan that killed more than 41 people, including women and children, and injured over 84 people. 
•    In July 2018, the group claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing outside a polling station in Quetta, Pakistan that killed at least 31 people and injured over 24 people. In the same month, the group also claimed responsibility for an attack in the southwestern province of Baluchistan that killed 128 people, including a politician running for a provincial legislature.
•    In November 2018, the group claimed responsibility for a suicide attack in northwestern Pakistan, targeting Shi’ite Muslims in a market in Orakzai, killing at least 33 people and injuring 56 others.