Work and Mandate
The Committee is supported by the Panel of Experts (PoE) on Somalia, which was established by paragraph 11 of resolution 2444 (2018) until 15 December 2019. It is comprised of six experts and it is based in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi. The mandate of the Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group, which previously supported the Committee, is terminated by the Security Council with effect from 16 December 2018.
The Panel of Experts on Somalia is mandated by paragraph 11 of resolution 2444 (2018). This paragraph also makes reference to resolutions 2036 (2012), 2060 (2012), 2093 (2013) and 2182 (2014), insofar as the mandate stipulated therein relates to Somalia. Consequently, the Panel is mandated, inter alia, to:
- monitor and investigate the implementation of the measures imposed on Somalia (arms embargo, travel ban, asset freeze, and charcoal ban);
- assess actions taken by Somali authorities, as well as Member States, in particular, those in the region, fully to implement the arms embargo regime;
- make specific recommendations based on detailed information in relevant areas of expertise related to violations and measures to give effect to and strengthen the implementation of the arms embargo in its various aspects;
- investigate, in coordination with relevant international agencies, all activities, including in the financial, maritime and other sectors, which generate revenues used to commit violations of the Somalia arms embargo;
- investigate any means of transport, routes, seaports, airports and other facilities used in connection with violations of the Somalia arms embargo;
- assist the Committee in compiling narrative summaries of reasons for listing of individuals and entities designated by the Committee;
- compile, refine and update information on the draft list of those individuals and entities that potentially meet the listing criteria for possible future measures by the Security Council;
- investigate any seaport operations in Somalia that may generate revenue for Al-Shabaab;
- work closely with the Committee on specific recommendations for additional measures to improve overall compliance with the sanctions measures;
- assist in identifying areas where the capacities of States in the region can be strengthened to facilitate the implementation of the sanctions measures;
- report on and provide the Committee with an assessment of the progress made by the FGS to put the infrastructure in place to ensure the safe storage, registration, maintenance and distribution of military equipment by its Security Forces, as well as the progress made by the FGS in establishing the procedures and codes of conduct for the registration, distribution, use and storage of weapons by the its Security Forces of the FGS, and on training needs;
- provide an assessment of any misappropriation or sale of arms and ammunition and military equipment to other groups, including militias, in order to assist the Security Council in any review of the appropriateness of the modified arms embargo on Somalia;
- report on its own ability to monitor delivery of weapons, military equipment and assistance to Somalia;
- submit monthly updates;
- provide the Committee with a comprehensive midterm update;
- submit, for the Security Council’s consideration, through the Committee, a report covering all the aspects of its mandate;
- provide further detailed information on possible environmentally sound destruction of Somali charcoal;
- report on the implementation of maritime interdiction of charcoal and arms;
- provide the FGS feedback on its reporting to the Committee and to keep the Security Council regularly informed on compliance by the FGS with the modified arms embargo regime on Somalia.
The Panel of Experts acts under the direction of the Committee and its members are appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations in consultation with the Committee.