The Committee is supported by the Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea, which is also known as Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group (SEMG). It is comprised of eight experts and it is based in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi. Its current mandate was extended by paragraph 46 of Security Council resolution 2385 (2017) until 15 December 2018.
The Somalia and Eritrea Monitoring Group is mandated by resolutions 2060 (2012), 2093 (2013), 2111 (2013), 2142 (2014), 2182 (2014), 2244 (2015), 2317 (2016), and 2385 (2017) inter alia, to:
- monitor and investigate the implementation of the measures imposed on Somalia and Eritrea (arms embargoes, travel bans, asset freezes, and Somali charcoal ban);
- assess actions taken by Somali authorities, as well as Member States, in particular, those in the region, fully to implement the arms embargo regime ;
- make specific recommendations based on detailed information in relevant areas of expertise related to violations and measures to give effect to and strengthen the implementation of the arms embargoes in its various aspects;
- investigate, in coordination with relevant international agencies, all activities, including in the financial, maritime and other sectors, which generate revenues used to commit violations of the Somalia and Eritrea arms embargoes;
- investigate any means of transport, routes, seaports, airports and other facilities used in connection with violations of the Somalia and Eritrea arms embargoes;
- assist the Committee in compiling narrative summaries of reasons for listing of individuals and entities designated by the Committee;
- compile, refine and update information on the draft list of those individuals and entities that potentially meet the listing criteria for possible future measures by the Security Council;
- investigate any seaport operations in Somalia that may generate revenue for Al-Shabaab;
- provide the Committee with information on compliance regarding the requirement for all Member States, in particular Eritrea, to cease arming, training, and equipping armed groups and their members including Al-Shabaab which aim to destabilize the region or incite violence and civil strife in Djibouti, and the requirement for Eritrea to cease facilitating travel and other forms of financial support to individuals or entities designated by the Committee and other Sanctions Committees, in particular the Committee pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011).
- work closely with the Committee on specific recommendations for additional measures to improve overall compliance with the sanctions measures;
- assist in identifying areas where the capacities of States in the region can be strengthened to facilitate the implementation of the sanctions measures;
- report on and provide the Committee with an assessment of the progress made by the FGS to put the infrastructure in place to ensure the safe storage, registration, maintenance and distribution of military equipment by its Security Forces, as well as the progress made by the FGS in establishing the procedures and codes of conduct for the registration, distribution, use and storage of weapons by the its Security Forces of the FGS, and on training needs;
- provide an assessment of any misappropriation or sale of arms and ammunition and military equipment to other groups, including militias, in order to assist the Security Council in any review of the appropriateness of the modified arms embargo on Somalia;
- report on its own ability to monitor delivery of weapons, military equipment and assistance to Somalia;
- submit progress reports to the Committee on a monthly basis;
- provide to the Council, through the Committee, a midterm briefing within six months of its establishment ;
- submit, for the Security Council’s consideration, through the Committee, two final reports, one focusing on Somalia, the other on Eritrea, covering all the aspects of its mandate;
- provide further detailed information on possible environmentally sound destruction of Somali charcoal;
- report on the implementation of maritime interdiction of charcoal and arms;
- provide the FGS feedback on its reporting to the Committee and to keep the Security Council regularly informed on compliance by the FGS with the modified arms embargo regime on Somalia.
The SEMG acts under the direction of the Committee and its members are appointed by the Secretary-General of the United Nations in consultation with the Committee.
The Security Council has urged the Federal Government of Somalia, all other parties and Member States, as well as international regional and subregional organizations, including AMISOM, to cooperate with the SEMG, including by supplying any information at their disposal on the implementation of the measures, and to ensure the safety of the SEMG’s members, unhindered access, in particular to persons, documents and sites the SEMG deems relevant to the execution of its mandate.
The Council requested enhanced cooperation, coordination and information sharing between the SEMG and the humanitarian organizations operating in Somalia and neighbouring countries. The Council also underlined the importance of engagement between the Government of Eritrea and the Monitoring Group, as well as its expectation that the Government of Eritrea will facilitate the entry of the Monitoring Group to Eritrea without any further delay.
The Monitoring Group on Somalia was first established by the Council on 16 December 2003 to focus on ongoing arms embargo violations. Subsequently, the Council extended and expanded the mandate of the Monitoring Group on several occasions. After the imposition of the sanctions regime on Eritrea on 23 December 2009, the name of the Monitoring Group was changed to Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea. The Group was preceded by a Panel of Experts, which was established by the Council on 22 July 2002 to generate information on violations of the arms embargo on Somalia with a view toward strengthening it.