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DESA, together with UNDP, Co-Chairs the Technical Support Team (TST), the inter-agency body that provided technical support to the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals. The TST provided advice on all goals and targets, including goal 16 of the proposal of the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals contains target 16.3 relating to rule of law, namely, "promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all."

Through the ECOSOC National Voluntary Presentations (NVPs), DESA supports Member States to assess the wider enabling environment for sustainable development in their respective countries. Rule of law and strong and accountable institutions have been shown to be critical elements to effectively implementing States’ national development strategies.

Through its support to intergovernmental processes on social development and capacity development work, DESA promotes the application and respect for the rule of law related to the rights and development needs of vulnerable groups, and as enshrined at the international level in the various rights-based development instruments which it monitors. DESA also provides capacity development on international tax cooperation aimed at supporting developing countries to develop more effective and efficient tax systems.

DESA has been collecting and analyzing information on public administration policy, regulatory and organizational frameworks, organized around four thematic areas. They include: (a) government institutional and human resource development; (b) electronic and mobile government; (c) citizen engagement in managing development; and (d) open government data and services. DESA also monitors the global situation and trends with respect to early marriage. Such marriages violate the human rights of children and adolescents, have detrimental effects on their reproductive health and curtail their socioeconomic development.

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