On trouvera ci-après le discours prononcé par le Secrétaire général de l’ONU, M. António Guterres, devant le conseil des droits de l’homme à Genève, le 25 février 2019:
Madame High Commissioner, this is my first time before this Council in your new capacity. And I know your leadership will bring enormous added value to the advancement of human rights around the world.
The Human Rights Council is the epicentre for international dialogue and cooperation on the protection of all human rights -- civil, political, economic, social and cultural.
Every door you open helps promote opportunity.
Every right you secure is another brick in the building of a better world.
Your efforts underscore how human rights are of value in themselves and should never be instrumentalized, and that they are also essential to advancing peace and human dignity. To empower women and girls. To deepen development. And to spark hope.
The rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights belong to everyone, everywhere.
They are independent of nationality, gender, sexual orientation, race, religion, belief or any other status.
In my inaugural speech as Secretary-General, I said that prevention must be a priority in everything we do.
Human rights are a template for this – building resilience and preventing crises.
Every measure to uphold human rights helps ease tensions, deliver sustainable development and sustain peace.
Our surge for diplomacy is also about promoting human rights.
If the ceasefire holds in Hudaydah, if the recent peace agreement takes root in the Central African Republic, if conflict ends in South Sudan – we will dramatically reduce human suffering and pave the way for a much needed justice for victims.
Of course, the primary responsibility to uphold and champion human rights rests with Member States – and I am encouraged by those who are leading the way, especially in these challenging times.
One of your key mechanisms is through the Universal Periodic Review, which brings to this Council the realities on the ground and collective commitments for progress.
I speak from experience.
I lived under the Salazar dictatorship in Portugal which oppressed not only its own citizens, but also the peoples of the African colonies.
And it was the human rights struggles and successes of others around the world that moved us to believe in change and to make that change happen.
Human rights inspire and drive progress.
And that truth is the animating spirit of this Council.
It is the DNA of our Organization’s founding Charter. And it is vital to addressing the ills of our world.
Excellencies, let us be clear. The human rights agenda is losing ground in many parts of the globe – but I am not losing hope.
Yes, we see troubling trends -- but we also see powerful movements for human rights and social justice.
Youth, indigenous people, migrants and refugees are demanding their rights and making their voices heard.
Journalists are fearlessly getting their stories out.
Women are bravely standing up and saying “me too”.
The largest number of countries in history have now abolished the death penalty or no longer practice it.
More people are speaking out about the indispensability of cultural rights for protecting the diversity of beliefs and practices on our planet – recognizing these rights as an essential tool for preserving diversity and our common heritage.
And we are seeing greater recognition of the imperative to ensure rights for persons with disabilities.
We have proven the case that it is only possible to fight terrorism successfully when human rights are upheld.
Our own Human Rights Up Front initiative is becoming more systematic in the capacity to spot early signs of crises and improving how we respond to them.
One billion people have been lifted out of extreme poverty in just a generation. More than two billion people have gained access to improved sanitation.
And more than 2.5 billion people have gained access to improved drinking water resources. The mortality rate for children under five has declined by almost 60 percent.
This year marks the 30th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the most widely ratified international human rights instrument, and it is a rallying point for intensifying efforts to ensure we leave no child behind.
It is in this overall context of progress and concern that I want to focus on a few human rights challenges as I scan the global horizon.
The understanding that underpins these efforts reflect the indivisible and interdependent nature of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.
Let’s begin with those that hold up half the sky.
We can celebrate tremendous progress in the fight for women’s rights and gender equality in recent decades.
In every continent, women have been elected to lead and occupy key positions in governments.
Gender gaps in education are closing around the world.
Maternal mortality has dropped by nearly half.
And I am proud that for the first time in UN history we have already achieved parity in the Senior Management Group and among Resident Coordinators around the world.
But much remains to be done at the UN and around the world.
Untold women and girls still face insecurity, violence and other violations of their rights every day.
Doors of economic opportunity remain closed. Glass ceilings abound.
And let’s never forget gender equality is a question of power.
At present trends, it will take two centuries to close the gap in economic empowerment.
I do not accept a world that tells my granddaughters that economic equality can wait for their granddaughter’s granddaughters.
I know you agree: Our world cannot wait. Excellencies,
I am also deeply alarmed by the shrinking civic space in every region of the globe – and every corner of the internet.
Activists and journalists are being targeted by surveillance, misinformation campaigns and threats of violence that too often result in actual violence.
The immediacy and reach of online threats pose serious challenges to those who wish to speak up.
Big data and facial-recognition technology are being misused for undue surveillance and interference with free speech, causing a chilling effect and a shrinking space for dialogue.
And meanwhile, harassment and attacks are on the rise.
Over a thousand human rights defenders and journalists were killed in the last three years. In 2018, four environmental activists, mostly indigenous people, were killed every week.
We must do more to defend defenders and end reprisals against those who share their human rights stories.
And we must hold accountable those who commit such acts.
And we must not tolerate the outrageous near impunity for crimes against journalists and other media workers.
Respect for human rights is just a game of words if there is no respect for people.
We must also work to close the gaps in discriminatory laws and practices that target people – in the workplace, in accessing public services or in the community – simply because of their sexual orientation, gender identity or sex characteristics.
We are also seeing a groundswell of xenophobia, racism and intolerance – including rising anti-Semitism and anti-Muslim hatred.
Hate speech is a menace to democratic values, social stability and peace.
It spreads like wildfire through social media, the Internet, and conspiracy theories.
It is abetted by public discourse that stigmatizes women. minorities, migrants, refugees and any so-called “other”.
Indeed, hate is moving into the mainstream – in liberal democracies and authoritarian States alike.
Some major political parties and leaders are cutting and pasting ideas from the fringes into their own propaganda and electoral campaigns.
And parties once rightly considered pariahs are gaining influence over governments.
And with each broken norm, the pillars of humanity are weakened.
For our part, I have asked my Special Adviser for the Prevention of Genocide, Adama Dieng, to bring together a UN team to scale up our response to hate speech, define a system- wide strategy and present a global plan of action on a fast-track basis.
We have seen how the debate on human mobility, for example, has been poisoned with false narratives linking refugees and migrants to terrorism and scapegoating them for many of society’s ills.
An insidious campaign sought to drown the Global Compact on Migration in a flood of lies about the nature and scope of the Agreement.
That campaign failed. And it was particularly fitting that the first day of the conference to adopt the Convention coincided with the 70th anniversary of the General Assembly adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
This action was soon followed with the adoption of a Global Compact on Refugees.
We must re-establish the integrity of the international refugee protection regime and continue to work for common values and international cooperation to reassert rights and help protect people from ruthless traffickers, smugglers and other predators.
And in this anniversary year of the Geneva Conventions, let us all recommit to upholding international humanitarian law.
La pauvreté est un déni des droits de la personne.
Notre monde a accompli des progrès remarquables dans la lutte contre l’extrême pauvreté. Et je remercie le Conseil pour son rôle central dans la promotion du droit au développement.
Mais aujourd’hui, les bénéfices de la croissance économique sont inégalement répartis. Et les inégalités se creusent dans les pays et entre les pays.
Une poignée de personnes détient autant de richesse que la moitié de l’humanité.
L’augmentation brutale des inégalités non seulement limite la croissance économique, mais elle est aussi source d’instabilité et de mécontentement.
Qui ne voit pas le grand nombre de conflits et de tensions sociales de ces dernières années? Quelle est l’étincelle qui déclenche cela?
Eh bien, les violations des droits économiques, sociaux et culturels. Les inégalités. La discrimination. Le chômage. La détérioration du niveau de vie. Le manque de services publics.
Les dirigeants mondiaux ont promis de ne laisser personne de côté.
L’Agenda 2030 et les objectifs du développement durable sont notre contribution à une mondialisation équitable et le plan le plus clair dont nous disposons pour réaliser les droits de tous.
Je ne saurais finir sans remercier le Conseil des Droits de l’Homme de s’être rapidement penché sur le plus grand défi du monde d’aujourd’hui et de demain: le changement climatique.
Cette menace est désormais sur sa lancée: plus chaud, plus rapide, plus grave.
Je salue votre mobilisation pour que les droits humains soient pleinement pris en compte sur les questions de l’environnement.
Plus de 150 États ont reconnu le droit à un environnement sain.
Et pourtant, plus de 90% de la population urbaine mondiale respire un air insalubre.
La pollution atmosphérique entraîne 7 millions de décès prématurés chaque année, dont 600 000 frappent des enfants.
Le changement climatique exacerbe la famine.
Il a un effet particulièrement dramatique sur les personnes marginalisées et vulnérables.
Je convoquerai un sommet sur le climat le 23 septembre, qui réunira les dirigeants politiques, le monde des affaires et la société civile.
Et votre voix et votre soutien sont indispensables.
Le travail de ce Conseil a pour but de repousser les limites du possible, de faire ressortir le meilleur de nous-mêmes et de permettre à nos sociétés de réaliser leur plein potentiel.
C’est pourquoi, en tant que Secrétaire général, je considère que les droits humains sont au centre de nos efforts en faveur de la paix et de la sécurité et visant à promouvoir le droit au développement, notamment les objectifs du développement durable.
Faisons avancer notre monde – avec et pour les droits de la personne.
Continuons la lutte; continuons de plaider en faveur de l’égalité humaine, de la dignité humaine et des droits de la personne pour toutes et pour tous.