Following are UN Secretary‑General António Guterres’ remarks on Human Rights Day: “Youth Standing Up for Human Rights”, in New York today:
We are here today to celebrate the role of young people in advancing and protecting human rights. As someone who grew up under a dictatorship, I am deeply inspired by the energy and passion young people bring to the struggle for human rights. I know young people can lead movements that change hearts and minds and make history. That is an indelible part of my own past.
Throughout history and across the world, young people have been at the forefront of standing up for what is right. From Harriet Tubman’s antislavery activism, to the White Rose campaign in Nazi Germany, young people have risked everything to struggle against oppression and discrimination and affirm fundamental rights and freedoms.
They have played a key role in the civil rights movement, the anti‑apartheid movement, the women’s rights movement and many anti‑colonial and liberation struggles. Today’s young human rights leaders are continuing this tradition. They are powerful torch‑bearers for a better future, and we all owe them our support.
Today, on Human Rights Day, we reaffirm fundamental human rights and celebrate the wisdom and legacy of Eleanor Roosevelt and all those involved in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights more than 70 years ago. We express our support for those who are committed to protecting and promoting human rights; and we highlight where Governments and others are falling short.
The Universal Declaration established a special responsibility for the United Nations: to advance all rights — civil, cultural, economic, political and social — for all people. Human rights are at the core of the United Nations and inform all our work.
Since the adoption of the Universal Declaration, there has been massive progress. Billions of people around the world live safer, longer lives, with access to opportunities and hope for a better future.
There is greater awareness of the values and commitments that underlie our rights, and an understanding of their universal nature. We have built on the success of the Universal Declaration, with additional covenants and a robust treaty‑based system of international law.
But there is much more to do. There is still an enormous gap between the Universal Declaration, and the situation in countries around the world. Human rights violations, misogyny and exclusion are widespread and systematic. Inequality is growing and hate speech is poisoning public debate. The climate crisis, urbanization and endless conflict are denying millions of people their fundamental rights and freedoms.
It is heartbreaking to consider the millions of children and young people living in poverty and destitution around the world, surviving hand‑to‑mouth, with no hope of a better future. We must do more for them.
Our shared human values offer a way through; and once again, young people are in the lead. Everywhere, they are marching against corruption, repression and inequality and for human rights and human dignity.
Young people are on the front lines of action against the climate emergency, which poses a serious threat to human rights and to human life. Young women are at the forefront, making the link between the denial of their rights and rising populism, xenophobia and discrimination of all kinds. Young people are rightly demanding that Governments listen to them and respect them. Their voices must be heard.
We regularly hear about the repression of human rights defenders. Recently, several young activists who work closely with the United Nations reported that they or their family members experienced retaliation and even detention for speaking out. This reflects a broader trend that is completely unacceptable. The work of human rights defenders, young and old, is essential to all our efforts for peace and for inclusive and sustainable development. They must be protected and supported.
I salute them, and I urge Governments to pay attention, to engage and to invest in progress and hope. To the brave young human rights activists here today, I say: the United Nations stands with you, and I stand with you. Thank you for coming — and please keep up your essential work. Happy Human Rights Day.