7 December 2015

Clock ‘Ticking towards Climate Catastrophe’, More than Half-Measures Expected, Says Secretary-General, Urging Transformative Agreement in Paris

Following are UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s remarks to the opening of the high-level session of the twenty-first Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, in Paris today:

Ever since I became Secretary-General, nearly nine years ago, I have called climate change the defining issue of our time.

It places our very future in jeopardy.  Yet, here in Paris we have the unique opportunity to define our own destiny.

In rising to the climate challenge, we can set the world on a sustainable footing for generations to come, and lay the foundation for prosperity and security for all.

A week ago, 150 world leaders stood here and pledged their full support for a robust global climate agreement that is equal to the test we face.  Never before have so many Heads of State and Government gathered in one place at one time with one common purpose.

Leaders have assured me they will do everything necessary to remove any roadblocks.  They have called for strong ambition and reaffirmed their support for curbing greenhouse gas emissions and strengthening resilience to changes to come.

Your task is to translate this historic call by the leaders for action into a durable, dynamic, credible and fair climate agreement.

Outside these negotiating halls, there is a rising global tide of support for a strong, universal agreement.

Hundreds of mayors from around the world are here in Paris to their determined will to work together with world leaders.  So are hundreds of business leaders and investors representing trillions of dollars in assets.

More than half a million people took to the streets last week in cities spanning the globe.

Pope Francis and the world’s faith leaders have stressed the moral imperative to act.  All of us have a moral and political duty to heed those voices.

Here is what the people of the world expect from you.

First, we need an agreement that will limit temperature rise to less than 2°C.

For many, including low-lying small island developing States and least developed countries, even a 1.5° rise will have grave consequences.

Current ambition must be the floor not the ceiling for our common efforts.  That means the agreement should include regular, five year cycles, beginning before 2020, for Governments to review and strengthen their commitments according to what science tells us.

Second, the private sector needs a clear signal that the low-emissions transformation of the global economy is inevitable, mutually beneficial and already under way.

Third, developed countries must agree to lead, and developing countries need to assume increasing responsibility in line with their capabilities.

Fourth, the agreement must ensure sufficient, balanced adaptation and mitigation support for developing countries, especially the poorest and most vulnerable.  That means technology transfer and credible financial support.

Developed countries must uphold their historical responsibility to lead on pre- and post-2020 finance, mobilizing $100 billion a year by 2020.  The issue of loss and damage must be also addressed.

Fifth, the agreement must provide a single framework for measuring, monitoring and reporting progress in a transparent manner on a full range of actions.

Centuries of human endeavour and innovation have given the world great gifts.  Yet, we have also sown the potential seeds of our own destruction.

The clock is ticking towards climate catastrophe.  The world is expecting more from you than half-measures and incremental approaches.  It is calling for a transformative agreement.

Paris must put the world on track for long-term peace, stability and prosperity.

The decisions you make here will reverberate down through the ages.

The eyes of the world are upon you:  Seven billion people want to know that you, the world’s leaders, have their interests at heart — and those of their children.

In all my travels as Secretary-General, I have talked to young people, and I have been inspired by them.

In Kiribati, a small island in the South Pacific, which faces being inundated by rising seas, a young girl named Tamauri asked “What will become of us?  What can the United Nations do for us?”

Yesterday I met four young Norwegian scientist explorers who visited the Arctic this year.  They went to up to 90° — to the Pole.  These young boys and girls have seen the rapidly melting ice, and they are sounding the alarm bells to the world leaders.

They appealed for this Conference to succeed.

One of them, a young woman named Erika, said:  “We are the future.  Your decisions today will be our future.”  Her colleague, Johanne, said:  “We challenge you to promise to put children first when you are making climate decisions.”

So today I speak for Tamauri, Erika, Johanne and all the young people of this world.

I say to you that your decisions can lay the foundation for a sustainable future where both people and planet can thrive.  Your work here this week can help eradicate poverty, spark a clean energy revolution and provide jobs, opportunities and hope for tomorrow, particularly for young people and succeeding generations.

There can be no mistaking the peril before our eyes.  But, far more than that, we can see the new world that can be ours.

I call on all ministers and all negotiators to cooperate, united by common purpose and common sense, to secure our common home and shared future.

I count on your leadership, strong commitment and wise decisions for humanity.

For information media. Not an official record.