|Department of Public Information • News and Media Division • New York|
6640th Meeting (AM)
Security Council Votes Unanimously to End NATO Civilian Protection Mandate
in Libya, Following Authorities’ Formal Declaration of Liberation
Welcoming positive developments in Libya and taking note of the Declaration of Liberation following the death of long-time leader Muammar al-Qadhafi, the Security Council this morning ended the authorization under which the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) had conducted an air campaign with the mandated aim of protecting civilians, as of 31 October 2011.
Through the unanimous adoption of resolution 2016 (2011), the Council decided to terminate the provisions of its resolution 1973 (2011) which authorized States that had notified the Secretary-General “to take all necessary measures…to protect civilians and civilian populated areas under threat of attack in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya”, as well as provisions that imposed, for that purpose, a flight ban on Libyan aircraft.
Through the text, the Council strongly urged the Libyan authorities to refrain from reprisals, including arbitrary detentions and underscored their responsibility for the protection of the entire population, including African migrants and other foreign nationals. It looked forward to the establishment of an inclusive representative transitional Government underpinned by democratic principles.
The Council’s action follows a briefing yesterday during which the representative of Libya, noting his people’s strong feelings about the sovereignty of the North African country, said that they desired an end to the provisions of resolution 1973 (2011). But at the same time, he requested that the Council wait for a formal request from transitional authorities before acting (see Press Release SC/10422 of 26 October 2011).
The meeting began at 10:15 a.m. and ended at 10:20 a.m.
The full text of resolution 2016 (2011) reads as follows:
“The Security Council,
“Recalling its resolutions 1970 (2011) of 26 February 2011, 1973 (2011) of 17 March 2011, and 2009 (2011) of 16 September 2011,
“Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and national unity of Libya,
“Taking note of the National Transitional Council’s “Declaration of Liberation” of 23 October 2011 in Libya,
“Looking forward to a future for Libya based on national reconciliation, justice, respect for human rights and the rule of law,
“Reiterating the importance of promoting the full and effective participation of members of all social and ethnic groups, including the equal participation of women and minority communities in the discussions related to the post-conflict phase,
“Recalling its decision to refer the situation in Libya to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, and the importance of cooperation for ensuring that those responsible for violations of human rights and international humanitarian law or complicit in attacks targeting the civilian population are held accountable,
“Reiterating that the voluntary and sustainable return of refugees and internally displaced persons will be an important factor for the consolidation of peace in Libya,
“Expressing concern at the proliferation of arms in Libya and its potential impact on regional peace and security, and also expressing its intention expeditiously to address that issue further,
“Expressing grave concern about continuing reports of reprisals, arbitrary detentions, wrongful imprisonment and extrajudicial executions in Libya,
“Reiterating its call to the Libyan authorities to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms, including those of people belonging to vulnerable groups, to comply with their obligations under international law, including international humanitarian law and human rights law, and urging respect for the human rights of all people in Libya, including former officials and detainees, during and after the transitional period,
“Recalling its decisions in resolution 2009 (2011) to:
(a) Modify the provisions of the arms embargo imposed by paragraph 9 of resolution 1970 to provide for additional exemptions,
(b) Terminate the asset freeze imposed by paragraphs 17, 19, 20 and 21 of resolution 1970 (2011) and paragraph 19 of resolution 1973 (2011) with respect to the Libyan National Oil Corporation and Zueitina Oil Company, and to modify the asset freeze imposed by paragraphs 17, 19, 20 and 21 of resolution 1970 (2011) and paragraph 19 of resolution 1973 (2011) with respect to the Central Bank of Libya, the Libyan Arab Foreign Bank, the Libyan Investment Authority, and the Libyan Africa Investment Portfolio, and
(c) Cease the measures imposed by paragraph 17 of resolution 1973 (2011),
“Recalling also its intention to keep the measures imposed by paragraphs 6 to 12 of resolution 1973 (2011) under continuous review and to lift, as appropriate and when circumstances permit, those measures and to terminate authorization given to Member States in paragraph 4 of resolution 1973 (2011), in consultation with the Libyan authorities,
“Mindful of its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security under the Charter of the United Nations,
“Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,
“1. Welcomes the positive developments in Libya which will improve the prospects for a democratic, peaceful and prosperous future there;
“2. Looks forward to the swift establishment of an inclusive, representative transitional Government of Libya, and reiterates the need for the transitional period to be underpinned by a commitment to democracy, good governance, rule of law, national reconciliation and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms of all people in Libya;
“3. Strongly urges the Libyan authorities to refrain from reprisals, including arbitrary detentions, calls upon the Libyan authorities to take all steps necessary to prevent reprisals, wrongful imprisonment and extrajudicial executions, and underscores the Libyan authorities’ responsibility for the protection of its population, including foreign nationals and African migrants;
“4. Urges all Member States to cooperate closely with the Libyan authorities in their efforts to end impunity for violations of international human rights and international humanitarian law;
“Protection of Civilians
“5. Decides that the provisions of paragraphs 4 and 5 of resolution 1973 (2011) shall be terminated from 23.59 Libyan local time on 31 October 2011;
“6. Decides also that the provisions of paragraphs 6 to 12 of resolution 1973 (2011) shall be terminated from 23.59 Libyan local time on 31 October 2011;
“7. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.”
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