UN Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs,
with support from the UN Population Fund (UNFPA)

The Bali Declaration

The Bali Declaration

According to the declaration, many parts of Asia and the Pacific continue to 

suffer from high fertility, high infant and maternal mortality rates, rapid 

urbanization and lack of adequate education and health care. Estimates show 

our that the population growth in the region Will increase by 900 million by 

the year 2010, with the most growth occurring in South Asia and in the 

region's least developed countries.  Four- fifths of the population growth 

in the region during the 1990's will take place in urban areas.

The Bali Declaration proposes a number of goals and policies recommendations 

for consideration by national policy makers.  lt. sets specific targets for 

countries with rapid population growth to reduce their fertility rates to 

2.2 children per woman, to reduce infant mortality rates to 4 0 per 1,000 

live births, and to reduce by half maternal deaths by the year 2010.

The Declaration recognizes that rapid population growth, changes in 

demographic structure and uneven population distribution impose pressures 

and constraints on social and economic development efforts, the environment 

and natural resources.  Governments are urged to implement programmes which 

promote greater harmony among population, resources, environment and 


Issues including urbanization, migration, family planning and maternal and 

child health, population an human resources development, women and 

population, poverty alleviation, mortality and morbidity, aging, population 

data, research and information dissemination and resource mobilization are 

also addressed in the Declaration.

Measures to improve the status, role and participation of women, the 

Declaration states must be given high priority, because "women have a 

fundamental right to enjoy equality with men in all aspects of life and 

because women play a critical role in, and must fully participate in, the 

sustainable development process."

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