– Como Pronunciado –
INTERVENCIÓN DE LA PRESIDENTA DEL 73º PERIODO DE SESIONES DE LA ASAMBLEA GENERAL, S.E. MARIA FERNANDA ESPINOSA
27 de febrero 2019
Distinguido António Vitorino, Director General de la OIM
Estimada Jayathma Wickramanayake, Enviada del Secretario General para la Juventud,
Estimados Representantes Permanentes,
Estimados Jóvenes presentes,
Representantes de la Sociedad Civil
Damas y Caballeros:
Quiero agradecer a la Organización Internacional para las Migraciones la invitación a este evento que nos ofrece una oportunidad única para enfocarnos en los jóvenes migrantes e identificar cómo podemos responder a sus necesidades y expectativas.
Es muy grato ver hoy la gran presencia de jóvenes y de organizaciones de la sociedad civil. Estoy segura de que su participación y sus aportes serán sumamente valiosos y nos ayudarán a comprender mejor el fenómeno de la migración juvenil e identificar las políticas más apropiadas para abordarlas.
Allow me to refer to three topics:
First: the challenges that young people face in the context of international migration.
The reality is that young people are moving more than ever before. Whatever the reason why they decide to migrate, they always do it with the hopes and dreams of a better life for them and their families.
Their reasons to leave their places of origin are diverse; they range from studying, finding a job or starting a business, to reuniting with their families, escaping poverty or violence.
In the case of women, discrimination and gender violence or the restrictions to their rights can also be determining factors.
Unfortunately, many young migrants are exposed to dangerous journeys where they risk their physical integrity and their lives. Since the year 2000, it is estimated that more than 60.000 migrants have died during their journeys and thousands have fallen victims of human smuggling and trafficking.
In recent years, we have witnessed a cruel practice: the separation of children and young migrants from their parents and accompanies.
When reaching their countries of destination, often the dangers continue and can be added to social exclusion, xenophobia, racism and other forms of intolerance.
Many times young migrants are stigmatized and rejected by the communities they live in, while female young migrants face triple discrimination: for their gender, for their age and for being migrants.
Frequently, young migrants work under uncertain conditions, they are victims of labour exploitation and do not have social protection.
These situations deprive them from a dignified and full life and prevent them from reaching their full potential.
In a world in which 11% of all migrants have an age range of 15 to 24, we must create positive migratory experiences that can project young people into a better future to contribute to sustainable development in their countries of origin and destination.
Protecting their rights is fundamental: guaranteeing access to health, quality education, housing and basic services.
Which leads me to my second point: young migrants are agents of change.
Young people, with their inventiveness, creativity and dynamism, integrate faster to their new societies and they bring their communities together. They have a preponderant role to favor intercultural dialogue and mutual understanding. They are key players to consolidate peaceful and inclusive societies.
Nearly 4,3 millions of young people study in Universities outside their countries of origin, as well as many others who migrate and take their knowledge and skills with them. They all enrich their societies.
Los mejores voceros y representantes de los jóvenes son ellos mismos. Necesitamos involucrarlos directamente en las acciones que impactarán su futuro. Nada para los jóvenes sin los jóvenes.María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés
Young migrants are part of the most capable generation to take advantage of information and communication technologies and social networks for many of their initiatives and undertakings, contributing thus to inclusive economic growth and well being.
Seizing the opportunities that young migrants offer us will contribute in making progress in the fulfillment of the Sustainable Development Goals.
To do so, in the framework of the Global Compact for a Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, implementing policies that favor conditions of freedom, dignity, equality and security for young people in situations of human mobility is fundamental. And those policies must be designed and implemented with their participation, taking their needs and experiences into consideration. This leads me to my last point.
The best spokespersons and representatives for young people are themselves. We need to involve them directly in the actions that will impact their future. Nothing for young people without young people.
The Youth Forum convened by the United Nations Major Group for Children and Youth, during the Marrakesh Conference, is an excellent starting point. Let us echo the three calls for action that this youth Group made to us in Marrakesh: “engage with us; Invest in us; and Count us in.”
Allow me to say to the young people that are here with us today, and those you represent as well: your opinions matter and they matter a lot and your participation can make a difference. Do not doubt how powerful your voices are.
Your contribution to successfully implement the Global Compact on Migration is essential. Therefore, I encourage Member States to include young people in their planning processes as part of the development of national strategies to implement the Compact.
As President of the General Assembly, I want to express my absolute commitment to hear you out and promote your inclusion at the heart of our Organization.
I am sure that this will be a fruitful debate and I look forward to the results of this event, which will bring innovative ideas and suggestions that will aid in making the United Nations more relevant for all.