Multidimensional Vulnerability Index (MVI)

Photo Credit - Maximilien Pardo



A Multidimensional Vulnerability Index (MVI) has the potential to guide development funds to vulnerable countries. Many states are internationally recognized as vulnerable in interconnected and varied ways, such as Small Island Developing States (SIDS), Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Landlocked Developing States (LLDCs). Shocks beyond the control of states, such as disasters, climate change, global pandemics, and economic disruptions, can further reduce resilience and limit sustainable development.

The Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) has strongly advocated for the use of an MVI. Since the adoption of the Agenda 21, the call for exploration of criteria for concessional finance based on vulnerability had been repeated in the Barbados Programme of Action,  the Mauritius Strategy and the SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway.  

During the 75th session of the General Assembly (GA), the Second Committee of the GA negotiated on this matter as the latest item to be included in the annual SAMOA Pathway roll over resolution. Paragraph 8(a) of Resolution A/RES/75/215, calls on the UN Secretary-General: 

To provide recommendations as part of his report on the present resolution to the General Assembly at its 76th session on the potential development and coordination of work within the UN system on a multidimensional vulnerability index for small island developing States, including on its potential finalization and use; 

OHRLLS and DESA have coordinated the UN Secretariat’s response to the resolution, including consultations across the international development system and UN member states. The Secretary General’s recommendations were presented in his report on the implementation of the SAMOA Pathway in August 2021. 


Related links


United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA): Multidimensional Vulnerability Index for SIDS


United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA): Multidimensional Vulnerability Index for SIDS - Events





Follow-up to and implementation of the SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway and the Mauritius Strategy for the Further Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States Report of the Secretary-General


Report: Multi-Dimensional Vulnerability Index: Potential Development and Uses