LLDCs Publications

12 April 2022

Developing countries still have to regain lost ground from the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic has put more countries at risk of debt distress, constrained their fiscal space and hampered economic growth. The war in Ukraine is exacerbating all these challenges.

28 August 2021

Energy can create transformational opportunities. For the 759 million people in the world who lack access to electricity, the introduction of clean energy solutions can bring vital services such as improved healthcare, better education and affordable broadband, creating new jobs, livelihoods and sustainable economic value to reduce poverty.

13 August 2021

Better transit systems and operations at international borders are needed if the world’s Landlocked Developing Countries are to be able to build back better and be resilient to future pandemics and emergencies. 

04 September 2020

Over 80% of global merchandise trade travels by sea. But 32 developing countries have no direct access to the open water.

08 November 2019


10 April 2019

This paper reviews progress made by LLDCs in Asia and Europe in structural economic transformation (Priority 5 of the Vienna Program of Action - VPoA).

01 January 2019

This report “Achieving the SDGs in Landlocked Developing Countries through Connectivity and Trade Facilitation” provides insights into the progress made by the LLDCs on improving transit transport connectivity, structural economic transformation, trade facilitation and trade performance, the major achievements and constraints experienced and recommendations to further advance transport connecti

19 September 2018

The policy briefs focus on links between SDG 7 and the SDGs that will be under review at the 2019 High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) taking place in New York,  namely SDG 4 (quality education), SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth), SDG 10 (reduced inequalities), SDG 13 (climate action), SDG 16 (peace, justice and strong institutions), and SDG 17 (partnerships f