December 2016. One of the difficulties most LDCs confront is that a majority of their exports are agricultural or other products that have to pass sanitary and phytosanitary checks. Among the 18 LDCs participating in the 2011 survey undertaken by DESA, only five informed that no problems had been encountered by their exports on SPS grounds (Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Lesotho, Mozambique and Solomon Islands). Two of these (Chad and Democratic Republic of Congo) attributed the lack of SPS difficulties to the particular composition of their exports.
All the other countries reported a variety of trade restrictions due to apparent non-compliance with SPS standards. Some countries noted that SPS measures could be considered as Non Tariff Measures (NTMs), when their exports compete with nationally-produced items.
The most common restrictions reported concerned exports of shrimps (Bangladesh and Madagascar); fish (Bangladesh, The Gambia, Tanzania and Guinea); horticultural products and flowers (Madagascar, Nepal, Senegal, Togo, Zambia); fruits, especially mangoes due to white flies (Burkina Faso, Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Senegal and Uganda); other agricultural products, mainly ground nuts, sesame seeds and coffee, due to the presence of aflatoxins (Burkina Faso, The Gambia, Guinea, Malawi, Senegal and Uganda); meat and poultry products (Burkina Faso, Madagascar, Uganda and Zambia); honey (Guinea, Nepal and Zambia).
These cases had been brought to the attention of the respective governments, and in certain cases submitted to the SPS Committee (Senegal) or to the trading partner concerned (Guinea).