Certain organizations have criteria for resource allocation that favour LDCs. In many cases, resources are not allocated to LDCs per se, but to countries according to criteria that reflect the criteria that define an LDC:
- UNDP’s core resources are distributed to programme countries based on the so-called Target for Resource Assignment from the Core (TRAC) system. By decision of its Executive Board, UNDP has a goal of ensuring that 60 per cent of core resources are allocated to LDCs. In 2014-2017, 61% of UNDP´s core resources went to LDCs. For details, see the United Nations Development Programme “Integrated resources plan and integrated budget estimates for 2018-2021” (DP2017/39), including Annexes A and B (17 October 2017).
- UNICEF is also required by its Executive Board to allocate 60 per cent of its regular resources to LDCs and 50 per cent to sub-Saharan Africa countries. For more information, see UNICEF (2016), “Assessment of ways to enhance results-based budgeting and assessment of the resource allocation system” (UNICEF/2017/EB/4).
Other organizations have specific programmes or special terms for LDCs. For example:
- The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has a “Least Developed Countries Programme” to build the capacity of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in LDCs.
- The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) has a work programme for LDCs and has mainstreamed the needs of LDCs in its activities. In January 2018 it published a report on ICTs, LDCs and the SDGs: Achieving universal and affordable Internet in the least developed countries.
- The Universal Postal Union (UPU) has a special programme for LDCs consisting in technical assistance activities and funds for procurement of equipment.
- LDCs are exempt from the requirement to finance 5% of biannual project budgets under the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)’s Technical Cooperation Fund (TCF).
- LDCs have a lower cost-sharing support fee for operations of the United Nations Volunteers (UNV). The minimum government cost-sharing support fee for LDCs is 3% as opposed to 8% for other developing countries (though a number of factors influence the applied rate, which is negotiated with the country).
- UNITAR has fellowships for nationals of LDCs to participate in its Multilateral Diplomacy Programme and core diplomatic training courses. More information here.
- The Common Fund for Commodities gives priority to LDCs. More information here.
UNITED NATIONS SUPPORT TO THE LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES, prepared by OHRLLS ahead of LDC5