Norway provides DFQF market access for imports from LDCs under its GSP scheme. The first Norwegian GSP scheme came into place in 1971. DFQF for LDCs with full product coverage was introduced on 1 July 2002, and the system was reviewed in 2013.
In addition to LDCs, low-income countries with a population of less than 75 million are also granted DFQF access. As of 2013, 64 low-income countries, including LDCs, have duty-free, quota-free market access for all their goods to Norway.
At the latest renewal of its GSP scheme, Norway introduced a “GSP plus” scheme with the intention, among others, to facilitate the transition of countries no longer eligible to the DFQF scheme. GSP plus countries receive duty free access for all industrial goods and, when compared to ordinary GSP beneficiaries, GSP-plus countries receive higher preferences on a number of agricultural goods. All lower middle-income countries with population less than 75 million, as well as low-income countries with the population exceeding 75 million, are eligible for GSP-plus benefits.
Countries continue to benefit from the DFQF scheme until the beginning of the year after they have been placed in a higher income group (or out of the LDC category) by two successive revisions of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC)’s list of ODA recipients.
Cabo Verde, which graduated from the LDC category in 2007, is currently a GSP plus beneficiary. Maldives, graduated in 2011, continued to receive LDC treatment for a period and no exports under the ordinary GSP.
Utilization by LDCs:
In 2016, Norway’s imports from LDCs accounted for US$ 452 million.