Mozambique and the NAPA process

The Government of Mozambique started the preparation of its NAPA in 2002.  UNFCCC contributed about $200,000 to the cost of the exercise; the country’s counterpart contribution was about 5 per cent of the total cost.  The majority of the work was done by national consultants but also involved some short-term international consultants Over 600 people were interviewed, of whom about three-quarters were from communities and the remainder from government.

The preparation of the NAPA was a lengthy process and it was not adopted until 2007.  While the majority of countries have taken a similar period of time to have due to lengthy consultation and procurement processes, the underlying reason for the delay in preparing the NAPA for Mozambique was lack of the necessary human and institutional capacity.  The preparation of the NAPA, in itself, contributed to building this capacity and most of the resulting projects have continued to address the weak institutional capacity in Mozambique.  As a result, there has been some strengthening of the capacities of the Ministry of Environment (MICOA), the National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC), the Ministry for Planning and Development (MPD) and the National Institute of Meteorology (INAM)) to deal with climate change issues.

The NAPA identified four priorities for Mozambique: strengthening early warning systems; strengthening the capacities of agricultural producers to deal with climate change; reducing the impact of climate change in coastal zones; and managing water resources within the framework of climate change. To implement these priorities, it proposed 123 activities and established 28 expected results. The total cost of implementing the activities in the NAPA was estimated at $9.2 million. Implementation of the main projects that were identified in the NAPA as urgent and immediate is now expected to be completed between 2012 and 2017.  Assuming there are no delays in implementation, it will have been between 10 and 16 years from the conception of the NAPA until completion of its most pressing priorities.

There is general agreement that the NAPA has been an important in promoting adaptation to climate change in Mozambique.  The preparation of the NAPA launched such work in Mozambique and its adoption contributed to putting adaptation to climate change at the top of the government agenda.  Critically, the NAPA has now been mainstreamed into the country’s development planning process. In addition, the Government has proposed the creation of an intersectoral committee to deal with climate change issues. By improving coordination among the different sectors, this committee could play an important role in ensuring coherence in climate change policies and strategies, as well in the design and implementation of projects.

Source: Lopez Villar, Juan (2012). International support measures to address vulnerability to climate variability and change: the case of Mozambique. Background study prepared for this portal.