International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO)

ITTO is an intergovernmental organization promoting the conservation and sustainable management, use and trade of tropical forest resources. Its members represent about 80% of the world’s tropical forests and 90% of the global tropical timber trade.

ITTO was established under the auspices of the UN in 1986. The most recent ITTA ( 2006) entered into force on December 7, 2011.

Article 32 of the 2006 ITTA on differential and remedial measures and special measures states that Members in the category of LDCs may apply to the Council for special measures in accordance with section III, paragraph 4, of resolution 93 (IV) and with paragraphs 56 and 57 of the Paris Declaration and Programme of Action for the LDCs for the 1990s (para. 2).

Utilization by LDCs:

In total, ITTO has 92 projects with 10 countries (Benin, Cambodia, Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Togo) among the list of LDCs. 49 projects have been completed, 6 projects are pending finance, 6 projects are operational, 29 projects have sunsetted, and 2 projects have been terminated. Examples of the major project concentrations are sustainable management for the forest resources, training for the improvement of the forest industry, technical support for the national inventory development and etc. More information could be found on the project search page on the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) website.

Available smooth transition procedures:


  1. International Tropical Timber Organization
  2. International Tropical Timber Agreement, 2006
  3. International Tropical Timber Organization Project Search
  4. UNCTAD Resolution on the Integrated Programme for Commodities (1976)