When LDCs meet certain criteria, they are reviewed by the United Nations Committee for Development Policy (CDP) and may be recommended for “graduation” (leaving the LDC category). Graduation is an important milestone in a country’s development. It also means the country will no longer have access to certain international support measures that are exclusive to LDCs. It is therefore important to understand the consequences of graduation and prepare accordingly, by developing and implementing smooth transition strategies.

Support for LDC graduation

UN support for smooth transition strategies of graduating LDCs

Various UN entities provide specific support to the graduation processes of LDCs, in the form of training, workshops, studies and support for the development of smooth...

Gradjet: information on and support for graduation

Information for government officials in LDCs on the graduation process, preparing for graduation and developing smooth transition strategies.  

Graduation process and criteria

Information on the CDP website about criteria for countries to be eligible for graduation and the graduation process; timeline of past and scheduled graduations.  

Impacts of graduation

When a country graduates from the LDC category, it no longer benefits from LDC-specific international support measures (for some measures there are "smooth transition"...

Papers, reports, articles on graduation

Recent papers, reports, blogs on LDC graduation by UN system entities and others (see also other content on graduation on this portal; UNCTAD vulnerability profiles; UNDESA...

LDC graduation - News and analysis

General Assembly resolution on the graduation of Bangladesh, Lao PDR and Nepal

24 November 2021. The United Nations General Assembly has adopted resolution A/76/L.6/Rev.1, on the Graduation of Bangladesh, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Nepal from...

Review of the EU’s GSP regulation

The European Commission published its proposal for a new Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) from 2024.  The regulation needs to be endorsed by the...

From the WTO: proposal for a smooth transition package

18 October 2021.  Ahead of the Twelfth WTO Ministerial Conference, Chad, on behalf of the LDC Group, submitted a communication to the WTO General...

Zero draft of the Doha Programme of Action for LDCs for 2022-2031 released

On July 12 the co-chairs of the Fifth United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries (LDC5), Bangladesh and Canada, released the zero draft of...

CDP Member Debapriya Bhattacharya on TRIPS, LDCs, graduation

On July 10, CDP member Debapriya Bhattacharya held a conversation with media on the WTO decision on the extension of the Trade Related Aspects...