The onset of Covid-19 in China at the end of 2019 has fast become a global health and human crisis. The rapid rate of contagion is alarming. It is inevitable that immediate socio-economic hardships will be faced by developed and developing countries alike. Least developed countries (LDCs), with low levels of income, limited budget resources, weak health systems and high vulnerability to disasters and shocks, may not have the fiscal space to effectively address adverse socio-economic impacts. Understanding the extent of the impact and related risks and strengthening the resilience of LDCs, including those approaching graduation, is critical.
- Confirmed cases of Covid-19 in LDCs over time. Updated daily. Infographics by EAPD/UNDESA based on WHO data.
- Information on Covid-19 and LDCs on the UNDESA website on LDCs, including data on testing.
- Impact of Covid-19 on LDCs, OHRLLS website.
- IMF Policy Tracker – Policy Responses to Covid-19
- ILO monitoring of country policy responses related to economy, employment, supporting enterprises, protecting workers and others.
- UNDP analysis on socio-economic impacts in Africa, including country-level analysis for Angola, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Uganda.
- Policy Responses to COVID-19 in Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) (includes information on Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Kiribati, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Nepal, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu, Vanuatu)
- What are LDCs doing in response to Covid-19?: A roundup of news on the global pandemic, covering issues facing some of the world’s poorest countries – and what they are doing. By EIF.
- What’s happening with Covid-19 in LDCs?: A compendium of news on the global pandemic and what some of the world’s poorest countries are doing. By EIF.
- Other country analyses:
- Tech Access Partnership: A Covid-19 Technology Sharing Platform (hosted by the United Nations Technology Bank, working in partnership with UNDP, UNCTAD and WHO).
- UNCDF support for response to Covid-19 in LDCs
ePing contains information on regulations on product requirements (Sanitary or Phytosanitary Measures – SPS – or Technical Barriers to Trade – TBT). It can be used by Enquiry Points in LDCs to track and consult on SPS/TBT notifications, including those related to COVID-19.
- Covid-19 and graduation from the LDC category – statement by the CDP, 12 May 2020
- LDCs Dialogue with United Nations Deputy Secretary-General on Covid-19 – statements (28 April 2020)
- UN ESCAP Policy Brief, “The Impact of COVID-19 on South-East Asia“, July 2020.
- Brendan Vickers and Salamat Ali (Commonwealth Secretariat), “Prioritising the Poor: LDCs and Trade in COVID-19-Related Medical Supplies”, Trade Hot Topics Issue 164, The Commonwealth. July 2020.
- Giovanni Valensisi, “COVID-19 and global poverty – Are LDCs being left behind?”, UNU-WIDER Working Paper 73/2020, June 2020
- WTO, “The Covid-10 Pandemic and Trade-Related Developments in LDCs – Information note“, 8 June 2020
- UN/DESA Policy Brief #71: COVID-19 pandemic deals a huge blow to the manufacturing exports from LDCs, 14 May 2020
- Brendan Vickers, Salamat Ali, Deanna Ramsay, “Covid-19 hitting tourism hard: What does this mean for the world’s poorest countries?“, Trade for Development News by EIF, 13 May 2020
- “Securing LDCs emergency access to essential medical and food products to combat the Covid-19 pandemic“, Communication by Chad on behalf of the LDC group at the WTO, 4 May 2020
- Paul Akiwumi and Giovanni Valensisi (UNCTAD), “When it rains it pours: COVID-19 exacerbates poverty risks in the poorest countries“, 4 May 2020
- UN/DESA Policy Brief #66: COVID-19 and the least developed countries, 1 May 2020
- Paul Akiwumi (UNCTAD), “Coronavirus Let’s not forget the world’s poorest countries“, 27 April 2020
- Debapriya Bhattacharya, Fareha Raida Islam, “The COVID-19 Scourge: How affected are the Least Developed Countries?“, OECD Development Matters, 23 April 2020
Debapriya Bhattacharya, Fareha Raida Islam, “Least Developed Countries Confronting COVID-19: Response and Resilience“. The looming socio-economic tsunami with concurrent health shocks could be catastrophic for the LDCs, leaving them farther behind in their pursuit towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, effective state intervention in the area of preparedness and support from the global community may smoothen the peak of the curve of fatality as well as enable the exit from the crisis.
- Opinion piece by Alpaslan Ozerdem, Dean of George Mason University’s Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter School for Peace and Conflict Resolution. Thomson Reuters Foundation News. 23 March 2020
- EIF-WAIPA Webinar: COVID-19 implications on GVCs and investment opportunities for the LDCs, 21 July 2020
- EIF webinar series: Least developed country graduation & COVID-19, 28 May 2020
See also a compilation of articles and other resources by the members of the Committee for Development Policy (CDP) here.