Trade-related international support measures (ISMs)

Trade-related international support measures (ISMs)

Trade-related international support measures aim at facilitating the integration of LDCs into the global economy. They consist of (i)preferential market access for goods (duty-free quota free access to markets and more lenient rules of origin); (ii) preferential market access for services and service suppliers (preferences granted under the WTO "services waiver"); (iii) special treatment regarding obligations under WTO rules (such as longer transition periods) and certain regional agreements (such as slower liberalization schedules); and (iv) trade-related capacity building.

Trade-related technical assistance and capacity-building

A number of mechanisms are in place to support LDCs through technical assistance and capacity-building related to trade. Please click on the links below for more information on each instrument. The Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF)...

Special treatment under regional agreements

In addition to preferential tariffs and rules of origin, certain regional trade agreements contain special provisions for LDCs. For example: Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations (PACER Plus) (Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia,...

Special treatment under WTO rules

LDCs that are members of the WTO benefit from special considerations in their implementation of WTO agreements. Special and differential treatment (S&D) provisions for LDCs aim principally to facilitate compliance with WTO rules in...

Preferential market access for services and service suppliers

The main LDC-specific market access preferences in services are those granted under the decision adopted by WTO Members in 2011 known as the “services waiver” (Decision on preferential treatment to services and services suppliers...

Preferential market access for goods

Merchandise exports from LDCs benefit from duty free, quota free market access and from more favourable rules of origin.  In the case of developed countries, the legal basis for these preferences is the decision on...