Trade - ISMs

Trade - ISMs

Trade related International Support Measures

Managing graduation from the LDC category: The case of the Maldives’ fish exports

by Matthias Bruckner* When the Maldives approached graduation from the least developed country (LDC) category in the 2000s, the impact of graduation on market access for fish products moved to the forefront of the debate....

What LDC graduation will mean for Bangladesh’s drugs industry

  Bangladesh’s pharmaceutical industry is unique among least developed countries (LDCs). Driven by active government policies, output has grown a thousand times since 1982, to US$2 billion, or around 1% of gross domestic product, making...

Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations (PACER Plus) – delayed tariff reductions for LDCs

The Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations (PACER Plus), which came into force in 2017, is a trade agreement covering goods, services, investment, labour, sanitary and phytosanitary measures and other issues. It includes a...

Trade Facilitation Agreement, Special and Differential Treatment for LDCs

Section II of the Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) contains special and differential treatment (SDT) provisions that allow LDCs to determine their own implementation schedule of the individual provisions contained in Articles 1 to 12...

Advisory Centre on WTO Law (ACWL)

The ACWL was established in 2001 to provide developing countries and Least Developed Countries with the legal capacity necessary to enable them to take full advantage of the opportunities offered by the WTO. Unlike...

Preferential treatment to merchandise exports

Developed and many developing countries provide preferential access for LDCs, allowing imports from LDCs to enter at zero or reduced tariff rates. In addition, rules of origin are often less restrictive for LDCs than...

Provisions for LDCs in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS...

The TRIPS Agreement, which came into effect on 1 January 1995, is to date the most comprehensive multilateral agreement on intellectual property. The areas of intellectual property that it covers are: copyright and related rights (i.e. the rights...

Preferential Market Access- Republic of Korea

The Republic of Korea provides DFQF market access for imports from LDCs since the entry of force of the Presidential Decree on Preferential Tariff for LDCs in 2000. Product coverage has been continuously increased...

Preferential Market Access – US GSP

The US GSP program was authorized under the Trade Act of 1974 (19 USC 2461 et seq.) and instituted on January 1, 1976. The programme is subject to periodic renewal by the United States Congress....

Preferential Market Access – Canada GSP

The Canadian Market Access Initiative for LDCs came into force on January 1, 2003. With few specific exclusions, all goods imported into Canada determined to be originating in an LDC are granted duty-free status. Certain supply-managed agricultural...