Development Cooperation International Support Measures (ISMs)

Development Cooperation International Support Measures (ISMs)

Multilateral and bilateral development partners support LDCs through a range of financial and technical assistance mechanisms. While development cooperation country programmes are designed based on a combination of factors including income levels, creditworthiness, specific needs and vulnerabilities, and cultural and historical ties, certain support measures are available exclusively to LDCs and to countries that have recently graduated from the category. This section contains information on (i) commitments regarding ODA to LDCs; (ii) financial and technical support instruments dedicated exclusively to LDCs; (iii) provisions whereby minimum shares of the budgets of certain United Nations system entities are earmarked for LDCs; (iv) analytical and information support for LDCs; (v)support for graduation; (vi) south-south cooperation mechanisms and networks involving LDCs; and (vii) scholarships and research grants for LDC nationals.

Climate Change: work programme for LDCs, LDC Expert Group and LDC Fund

The United Nations Convention on Climate Change states that “the Parties shall take full account of the specific needs and special situations of the least developed countries in their actions with regard to funding...

Comprehensive Programmes of Action for LDCs

Comprehensive programmes of action for LDCs were adopted in four successive United Nations Conferences on the Least Developed Countries, the most recent being the Istanbul Programme of Action for the decade 2011-2020. The Substantial...

Technology Bank for LDCs

The Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries for the Decade 2011-2020 (Istanbul Programme of Action  or IPOA) called for the establishment of a “Technology Bank and Science, Technology and Information supporting mechanism,...

Investment Support Programme for LDCs (ISP/LDCs)

The Investment Support Programme for LDCs, established in 2018, provides on-demand legal and professional assistance to LDC governments and eligible state-owned or private sector entities for investment-related negotiations and dispute settlement.52 The programme works...

Scholarships and research grants

Donor countries, UN agencies, and private organizations provide research-related financial support to LDCs. Many of these are available to all developing countries with priority given to LDCs, but some are available exclusively to LDCs....

Resource allocation by United Nations funds and programmes

Certain organizations have targets for resource allocation to LDCs. These targets refer to aggregate resources allocated to LDCs, and do not necessarily apply directly to the allocation to individual LDCs:   UNDP's core resources are distributed...

UN Capital Development Fund (UNCDF)

The United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) is the capital investment agency of the United Nations for the LDCs. It provides access to microfinance and investment capital. UNCDF programmes help to empower women, and...

ODA commitments for LDCs: the average grant element

In the 1978 Recommendation on the Terms and Conditions of Aid, DAC members agreed on a series of measures designed to improve the overall financial terms of aid, either by increasing the share of...

ODA commitments – 0.15-0.20% of GNI

There is a longstanding commitment by developed countries, reiterated in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development and the Programme of Action for the...

ODA commitments for LDCs: Untying aid

Tied aid is defined as "official grants or loans that limit procurement to companies in the donor country or in a small group of countries. Tied aid therefore often prevents recipient countries from receiving...