Cabo Verde was the first country to graduate based on the United Nations General Assembly’s recommendation for the implementation of a smooth transition Following the United Nations General Assembly’s recommendations, Cabo Verde set up a consultative body (the Transition Support Group – GAT) to prepare and implement a smooth transition from LDC status. The GAT was constituted by the Government of Cabo Verde and its main development partners, namely Austria, Spain, US, France, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Portugal, China, African Development Bank, World Bank, European Commission and the United Nations system.
The United Nations agencies in Cabo Verde, under the One Programme Cabo Verde, 2008-2011, had a key role in the preparation and implementation of graduation strategy. This role was manifested in mobilizing donors’ to the graduation issues and in the provision of technical assistance to the Government of Cabo Verde. The One Programme was aimed primarily at addressing both the implications of the Cabo Verde’s graduation from the LDCs group and to support Cabo Verde in attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015. It brought together technical expertise from all participating United Nations agencies. It is structured in Sub-programmes, one of which, the ‘Economic Graduation and Integration in the Global Economy’, aimed at supporting national efforts dealing with the post-graduation period and accession to the WTO, by focusing on promoting access to new forms of finance and investment.
The GAT proved to be effective in the elaboration of the transition strategy and in mobilizing the support of development partners, but lost momentum after the graduation and could not properly fulfil a monitoring role as suggested in that recommendation. The make the consultative mechanism more effective, the experience of Cabo Verde suggests that the following conditions need to be fulfilled: i) to be formalized, on the basis a written mandate covering both the preparation and the implementation of the strategy; iI) to be closely articulated with an existing aid coordination mechanism to avoid duplication of mandate and efforts; and, iii) to be supported by a Secretariat.
Source: Vitor Dionizio (2012) Graduation of Cape Verde from the category of LDCs: Lessons and Challenges Ahead. Background Paper prepared for this portal.