Agreement on Agriculture: Provisions for LDCs

The Agreement on Agriculture was negotiated in the 1986–94 Uruguay Round and is a significant first step towards fairer competition and a less distorted sector. WTO member governments agreed to improve market access and reduce trade-distorting subsidies in agriculture. In general, these commitments were phased in over a six years from 1995 (10 years for developing countries). The Agriculture Committee oversees the agreement’s implementation.

Meanwhile, members also agreed to continue the reform. Further talks, which are separate from the committee’s regular work, began in 2000. They were included in the broader negotiating agenda set at the 2001 Ministerial Conference in Doha, Qatar.

The following provisions and measures within the AoA are LDC-Specific:

  1. Recognition of interests in negotiations during the preparation or application of AoA Measures (Article 20 & the Preamble)
  2. Exemption from reduction commitments during the preparation or application of AoA Measures (Article 15.2):
  3. LDCs as Net Food Importers assistance in the preparations or applications of Regulatory AoA Measures (Article 16.2 and the Decision) 
  4. Fewer notification obligations in domestic support in the preparations or applications of Regulatory AoA Measures (G/AG/2)

Available Smooth Transition Procedures:

Utilization by LDCs:

Resources:

  1. UNDERSTANDING THE WTO: The Agreements on Agriculture: Fairer Markets for Farmers
  2. URUGUAY ROUND AGREEMENT: Agreement on Agriculture
  3. Committee on Agriculture: Special Session 26–28 March 2001
  4. The Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture: An Evaluation of its Implementation on OECD Countries.