Agenda 21 calls on the international community to provide a supportive
international climate for achieving environment and development goals.
Similarly, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21,
which was adopted by the General Assembly in 1997, calls for a dynamic
and enabling international economic environment supportive of
international cooperation, particularly in the fields of finance,
technology transfer, debt and trade (see resolution
annex, para. 25-26). It also noted that, as a result of
globalization, external factors have become critical in determining the
success or failure of developing countries in their national sustainable
Given such considerations, the General Assembly
placed international cooperation for an enabling environment for
sustainable development on the agenda of the Commission at its ninth
session, in 2001, as a cross-sectoral theme.
The term "enabling environment for
sustainable development" is not clearly defined either in Agenda 21
or in the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21.
In the context of the CSD, consideration of the enabling environment for
sustainable development focuses on the impact on sustainable development
of major changes in the world economy due to globalization, as well as
on national conditions affecting sustainable development.