Trends in Sustainable Development, is a colourful
compilation of maps and graphs devoted to the discussion of interrelated
challenges being addressed at the 14th session of the Commission on
Sustainable Development (May 1-12, 2006). The four areas are: energy for
sustainable development, industrial development, atmosphere and air
pollution, and climate change.
"Progress in reducing air pollution and ozone depletion has occurred because
governments, businesses, and non-governmental organizations have taken these
challenges seriously. We still have problems where we need to do more. There
are 1.6 billion people who don't have access to electricity and 2.4 billion
who still use firewood or dung to cook and heat. We need reliable and clean
energy for industrial and economic development, and if we are to address
climate change, we need to implement solutions now" says JoAnne DiSano,
Director of the UN Division for Sustainable Development.
The world is gradually shifting to cleaner forms of
energy, but traditional biomass is still widely used in the household
sector of some developing regions.
The developed countries remain the world's largest
industrial producers, but the centre of gravity has begun to shift
towards the developing world. Developing countries account for roughly
one-third of global manufactured exports, up from 18% in 1980.
The phase-outs of leaded gasoline & CFCs are global
success stories but particulate air pollution & SO2 emissions remain
high in many developing country cities.
The transport sector has seen substantial growth in
greenhouse emissions. In developed countries emissions from
international aviation have grown twice as fast as overall transport